A Christmas Carol by Charles
Dickens The Full Story of Scrooge
A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens - Christmas Customs
The Full Story of Scrooge
One of my
old favourites is a story about Scrooge known now by all as the meanest and
most bitter man in
Victorian England. The traditions of a modern Christmas were laid down
in this book. We associate Xmas with snow, warm cosy fires, Christmas trees,
gifts, dancing, plenty of food on the table, ghosts or ghost stories and
general merrymaking and being friendlier than normal to others. The message of this book
is as relevant today as ever. We live in an increasingly commercial
world and this story is a special one which reminds us to be charitable to
those less fortunate and love and pamper those we know well too. At first Dickens
published this book at himself. Over the years the story of Scrooge, as told in 'A Christmas Carol' by Charles Dickens,
has gained huge popularity and has been made into many films. My
favourite is the 1970 Scrooge film with Albert Finney. P.W.Thomas
by Charles Dickens
Marley was dead:
to begin with. There is no doubt whatever about that. The
register of his burial was signed by the clergyman, the clerk, the
undertaker, and the chief mourner. Scrooge signed it: and Scrooge's
name was good upon 'Change, for anything he chose to put his hand to. Old
Marley was as dead as a door-nail.
Mind! I don't mean
to say that I know, of my own knowledge, what there is particularly dead
about a door-nail. I might have been inclined, myself, to regard a
coffin-nail as the deadest piece of ironmongery in the trade. But the
wisdom of our ancestors is in the simile; and my unhallowed hands shall not
disturb it, or the Country's done for. You will therefore permit me to
repeat, emphatically, that Marley was as dead as a door-nail.
Scrooge knew he
was dead? Of course he did. How could it be otherwise? Scrooge
and he were partners for I don't know how many years. Scrooge was his
sole executor, his sole administrator, his sole assign, his sole residuary
legatee, his sole friend and sole mourner. And even Scrooge was not so
dreadfully cut up by the sad event, but that he was an excellent man of
business on the very day of the funeral, and solemnised it with an undoubted
The mention of
Marley's funeral brings me back to the point I started from. There is
no doubt that Marley was dead. This must be distinctly understood, or
nothing wonderful can come of the story I am going to relate. If we
were not perfectly convinced that Hamlet's Father died before the play
began, there would be nothing more remarkable in his taking a stroll at
night, in an easterly wind, upon his own ramparts, than there would be in
any other middle-aged gentleman rashly turning out after dark in a breezy
spot - say Saint Paul's Churchyard for instance - literally to astonish his
son's weak mind.
painted out Old Marley's name. There it stood, years afterwards, above
the warehouse door: Scrooge and Marley. The firm was known as Scrooge
and Marley. Sometimes people new to the business called Scrooge
Scrooge, and sometimes Marley, but he answered to both names: it was all the
same to him.
Oh! But he
was a tight-fisted hand at the grind-stone, Scrooge! a squeezing, wrenching,
grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous, old sinner! Hard and sharp as
flint, from which no steel had ever struck out generous fire; secret, and
self-contained, and solitary as an oyster. The cold within him froze
his old features, nipped his pointed nose, shrivelled his cheek, stiffened
his gait; made his eyes red, his thin lips blue and spoke out shrewdly in
his grating voice. A frosty rime was on his head, and on his eyebrows,
and his wiry chin. He carried his own low temperature always about
with him; he iced his office in the dogdays; and didn't thaw it one degree
External heat and
cold had little influence on Scrooge. No warmth could warm, no wintry
weather chill him. No wind that blew was bitterer than he, no falling
snow was more intent upon its purpose, no pelting rain less open to
entreaty. Foul weather didn't know where to have him. The
heaviest rain, and snow, and hail, and sleet, could boast of the advantage
over him in only one respect. They often 'came down' handsomely, and
Scrooge never did.
stopped him in the street to say, with gladsome looks, 'My dear Scrooge, how
are you? When will you come to see me?'
implored him to bestow a trifle, no children asked him what it was o'clock,
no man or woman ever once in all his life inquired the way to such and such
a place, of Scrooge. Even the blind men's dogs appeared to know him;
and when they saw him coming on, would tug their owners into doorways and up
courts; and then would wag their tails as though they said, 'No eye at all
is better than an evil eye, dark master!'
But what did
Scrooge care? It was the very thing he liked. To edge his way
along the crowded paths of life, warning all human sympathy to keep its
distance, was what the knowing ones call 'nuts' to Scrooge.
Once upon a time -
of all the good days in the year, on Christmas Eve - old Scrooge sat busy in
his counting-house. It was cold, bleak, biting weather: foggy withal:
and he could hear the people in the court outside go wheezing up and down,
beating their hands upon their breasts, and stamping their feet upon the
pavement stones to warm them. The city clocks had only just gone
three, but it was quite dark already - it had not been light all day: and
candles were flaring in the windows of the neighbouring offices, like ruddy
smears upon the palpable brown air. The fog came pouring in at every
chink and keyhole, and was so dense without, that although the court was of
the narrowest, the houses opposite were mere phantoms. To see the
dingy cloud come drooping down, obscuring everything, one might have thought
that Nature lived hard by, and was brewing on a large scale.
The door of
Scrooge's counting-house was open that he might keep his eye upon his clerk,
who in a dismal little cell beyond, a sort of tank, was copying letters.
Scrooge had a very small fire, but the clerk's fire was so very much smaller
that it looked like one coal. But he couldn't replenish it, for
Scrooge kept the coal-box in his own room; and so surely as the clerk came
in with the shovel, the master predicted that it would be necessary for them
to part. Wherefore the clerk put on his white comforter, and tried to
warm himself at the candle; in which effort, not being a man of a strong
imagination, he failed.
Christmas, uncle! God save you!' cried a cheerful voice. It was the
voice of Scrooge's nephew, who came upon him so quickly that this was the
first intimation he had of his approach.
He had so heated
himself with rapid walking in the fog and frost, this nephew of Scrooge's,
that he was all in a glow; his face was ruddy and handsome; his eyes
sparkled, and his breath smoked again.
humbug, uncle!' said Scrooge's nephew. 'You don't mean that, I am
'I do,' said
Scrooge. 'Merry Christmas! What right have you to be merry? What
reason have you to be merry? You're poor enough.'
returned the nephew gaily. 'What right have you to be dismal? What
reason have you to be morose? You're rich enough.'
Scrooge having no
better answer ready on the spur of the moment, said 'Bah!' again; and
followed it up with 'Humbug.'
'Don't be cross,
uncle!' said the nephew.
'What else can I
be,' returned the uncle, 'when I live in such a world of fools as this?
Merry Christmas! Out upon merry Christmas! What's Christmas time
to you but a time for paying bills without money; a time for finding
yourself a year older, but not an hour richer; a time for balancing your
books and having every item in 'em through a round dozen of months presented
dead against you? If I could work my will,' said Scrooge indignantly,
'every idiot who goes about with 'Merry Christmas' on his lips, should be
boiled with his own pudding, and buried with a stake of holly through his
heart. He should!'
the uncle, sternly, 'keep Christmas in your own way, and let me keep it in
repeated Scrooge's nephew. 'But you don't keep it.'
'Let me leave it
alone, then,' said Scrooge. 'Much good may it do you! Much good
it has ever done you!'
'There are many
things from which I might have derived good, by which I have not profited, I
dare say,' returned the nephew. 'Christmas among the rest. But I
am sure I have always thought of Christmas time, when it has come round -
apart from the veneration due to its sacred name and origin, if anything
belonging to it can be apart from that - as a good time: a kind, forgiving,
charitable, pleasant time: the only time I know of, in the long calendar of
the year, when men and women seem by one consent to open their shut-up
hearts freely, and to think of people below them as if they really were
fellow-passengers to the grave, and not another race of creatures bound on
other journeys. And therefore, uncle, though it has never put a scrap
of gold or silver in my pocket, I believe that it has done me good, and will
do me good; and I say, God bless it!'
The clerk in the
tank involuntarily applauded: becoming immediately sensible of the
impropriety, he poked the fire, and extinguished the last frail spark for
'Let me hear
another sound from you,' said Scrooge, 'and you'll keep your Christmas by
losing your situation. You're quite a powerful speaker, sir,' he
added, turning to his nephew. 'I wonder you don't go into Parliament.'
'Don't be angry, uncle. Come! Dine with us tomorrow.'
Scrooge said that he would see him
- yes, indeed he did. He went the whole
length of the expression, and said that he would see him in that extremity
'But why?' cried Scrooge's nephew. 'Why?'
'Why did you get married?' said Scrooge.
'Because I fell in love.'
'Because you fell in love!' growled Scrooge, as if that were the only one
thing in the world more ridiculous than a merry Christmas. 'Good afternoon!'
'Nay, uncle, but you never came to see me before that happened. Why give it
as a reason for not coming now?'
'Good afternoon,' said Scrooge.
'I want nothing from you; I ask nothing of you; why cannot we be friends?'
'Good afternoon,' said Scrooge.
'I am sorry, with all my heart, to find you so resolute. We have never had
any quarrel, to which I have been a party. But I have made the trial in
homage to Christmas, and I'll keep my Christmas humour to the last. So A
Merry Christmas, uncle!'
'Good afternoon,' said Scrooge.
'And A Happy New Year!'
'Good afternoon!' said Scrooge.
His nephew left the room without an angry word, notwithstanding. He stopped
at the outer door to bestow the greetings of the season on the clerk, who
cold as he was, was warmer than Scrooge; for he returned them cordially.
'There's another fellow,' muttered Scrooge; who overheard him: 'my clerk,
with fifteen shillings a week, and a wife and family, talking about a merry
Christmas. I'll retire to Bedlam.'
This lunatic, in letting Scrooge's nephew out, had let two other people in.
They were portly gentlemen, pleasant to behold, and now stood, with their
hats off, in Scrooge's office. They had books and papers in their hands, and
bowed to him.
'Scrooge and Marley's, I believe,' said one of the gentlemen, referring to
his list. 'Have I the pleasure of addressing Mr. Scrooge, or Mr. Marley?'
'Mr. Marley has been dead these seven years,' Scrooge replied. 'He died
seven years ago, this very night.'
'We have no doubt his liberality is well represented by his surviving
partner,' said the gentleman, presenting his credentials.
It certainly was; for they had been two kindred spirits. At the ominous word
'liberality,' Scrooge frowned, and shook his head, and handed the
'At this festive season of the year, Mr. Scrooge,' said the gentleman,
taking up a pen, 'it is more than usually desirable that we should make some
slight provision for the Poor and Destitute, who suffer greatly at the
present time. Many thousands are in want of common necessaries; hundreds of
thousands are in want of common comforts, sir.'
'Are there no prisons?' asked Scrooge.
'Plenty of prisons,' said the gentleman, laying down the pen again.
'And the Union workhouses?' demanded Scrooge. 'Are they still in operation?'
'They are. Still,' returned the gentleman, 'I wish I could say they were
'The Treadmill and the Poor Law are in full vigour, then?' said Scrooge.
'Both very busy, sir.'
'Oh! I was afraid, from what you said at first, that something had occurred
to stop them in their useful course,' said Scrooge. 'I'm very glad to hear
'Under the impression that they scarcely furnish Christian cheer of mind or
body to the multitude,' returned the gentleman, 'a few of us are
endeavouring to raise a fund to buy the Poor some meat and drink and means
of warmth. We choose this time, because it is a time, of all others, when
Want is keenly felt, and Abundance rejoices. What shall I put you down for?'
'Nothing!' Scrooge replied.
'You wish to be anonymous?'
'I wish to be left alone,' said Scrooge. 'Since you ask me what I wish,
gentlemen, that is my answer. I don't make merry myself at Christmas and I
can't afford to make idle people merry. I help to support the establishments
I have mentioned - they cost enough; and those who are badly off must go
'Many can't go there; and many would rather die.'
'If they would rather die,' said Scrooge, 'they had better do it, and
decrease the surplus population. Besides - excuse me - I don't know that.'
'But you might know it,' observed the gentleman.
'It's not my business,' Scrooge returned. 'It's enough for a man to
understand his own business, and not to interfere with other people's. Mine
occupies me constantly. Good afternoon, gentlemen!'
Seeing clearly that it would be useless to pursue their point, the gentlemen
withdrew. Scrooge returned his labours with an improved opinion of himself,
and in a more facetious temper than was usual with him.
Meanwhile the fog and darkness thickened so, that people ran about with
flaring links, proffering their services to go before horses in carriages,
and conduct them on their way. The ancient tower of a church, whose gruff
old bell was always peeping slyly down at Scrooge out of a Gothic window in
the wall, became invisible, and struck the hours and quarters in the clouds,
with tremulous vibrations afterwards as if its teeth were chattering in its
frozen head up there. The cold became intense. In the main street at the
corner of the court, some labourers were repairing the gas-pipes, and had
lighted a great fire in a brazier, round which a party of ragged men and
boys were gathered: warming their hands and winking their eyes before the
blaze in rapture. The water-plug being left in solitude, its overflowing
sullenly congealed, and turned to misanthropic ice. The brightness of the
shops where holly sprigs and berries crackled in the lamp heat of the
windows, made pale faces ruddy as they passed. Poulterers' and grocers'
trades became a splendid joke; a glorious pageant, with which it was next to
impossible to believe that such dull principles as bargain and sale had
anything to do. The Lord Mayor, in the stronghold of the mighty Mansion
House, gave orders to his fifty cooks and butlers to keep Christmas as a
Lord Mayor's household should; and even the little tailor, whom he had fined
five shillings on the previous Monday for being drunk and bloodthirsty in
the streets, stirred up to-morrow's pudding in his garret, while his lean
wife and the baby sallied out to buy the beef.
Foggier yet, and colder! Piercing, searching, biting cold. If the good Saint
Dunstan had but nipped the Evil Spirit's nose with a touch of such weather
as that, instead of using his familiar weapons, then indeed he would have
roared to lusty purpose. The owner of one scant young nose, gnawed and
mumbled by the hungry cold as bones are gnawed by dogs, stooped down at
Scrooge's keyhole to regale him with a Christmas carol: but at the first
sound of -
'God bless you, merry gentleman!
May nothing you dismay!'
Scrooge seized the ruler with such energy of action, that the singer fled in
terror, leaving the keyhole to the fog and even more congenial frost.
At length the hour of shutting up the countinghouse arrived. With an
ill-will Scrooge dismounted from his stool, and tacitly admitted the fact to
the expectant clerk in the Tank, who instantly snuffed his candle out, and
put on his hat.
'You'll want all day to-morrow, I suppose?' said Scrooge.
'If quite convenient, sir.'
'It's not convenient,' said Scrooge, 'and it's not fair. If I was to stop
half-a-crown for it, you'd think yourself ill-used, I'll be bound?'
The clerk smiled faintly.
'And yet,' said Scrooge, 'you don't think me ill-used, when I pay a day's
wages for no work.'
The clerk observed that it was only once a year.
'A poor excuse for picking a man's pocket every twenty-fifth of December!'
said Scrooge, buttoning his great-coat to the chin. 'But I suppose you must
have the whole day. Be here all the earlier next morning.'
The clerk promised that he would; and Scrooge walked out with a growl. The
office was closed in a twinkling, and the clerk, with the long ends of his
white comforter dangling below his waist (for he boasted no great-coat),
went down a slide on Cornhill, at the end of a lane of boys, twenty times,
in honour of its being Christmas Eve, and then ran home to Camden Town as
hard as he could pelt, to play at blindman's-buff.
Scrooge took his melancholy dinner in his usual melancholy tavern; and
having read all the newspapers, and beguiled the rest of the evening with
his banker's-book, went home to bed. He lived in chambers which had once
belonged to his deceased partner. They were a gloomy suite of rooms, in a
lowering pile of building up a yard, where it had so little business to be,
that one could scarcely help fancying it must have run there when it was a
young house, playing at hide-and-seek with other houses, and forgotten the
way out again. It was old enough now, and dreary enough, for nobody lived in
it but Scrooge, the other rooms being all let out as offices. The yard was
so dark that even Scrooge, who knew its every stone, was fain to grope with
his hands. The fog and frost so hung about the black old gateway of the
house, that it seemed as if the Genius of the Weather sat in mournful
meditation on the threshold.
Now, it is a fact, that there was nothing at all particular about the
knocker on the door, except that it was very large. It is also a fact, that
Scrooge had seen it, night and morning, during his whole residence in that
place; also that Scrooge had as little of what is called fancy about him as
any man in the city of London, even including - which is a bold word - the
corporation, aldermen, and livery. Let it also be borne in mind that Scrooge
had not bestowed one thought on Marley, since his last mention of his seven
years' dead partner that afternoon. And then let any man explain to me, if
he can, how it happened that Scrooge, having his key in the lock of the
door, saw in the knocker, without its undergoing any intermediate process of
change - not a knocker, but Marley's face.
Marley's face. It was not in impenetrable shadow as the other objects in the
yard were, but had a dismal light about it, like a bad lobster in a dark
cellar. It was not angry or ferocious, but looked at Scrooge as Marley used
to look: with ghostly spectacles turned up on its ghostly forehead. The hair
was curiously stirred, as if by breath or hot air; and, though the eyes were
wide open, they were perfectly motionless. That, and its livid colour, made
it horrible; but its horror seemed to be in spite of the face and beyond its
control, rather than a part or its own expression.
As Scrooge looked fixedly at this phenomenon, it was a knocker again.
To say that he was not startled, or that his blood was not conscious of a
terrible sensation to which it had been a stranger from infancy, would be
untrue. But he put his hand upon the key he had relinquished, turned it
sturdily, walked in, and lighted his candle.
He did pause, with a moment's irresolution, before he shut the door; and he
did look cautiously behind it first, as if he half-expected to be terrified
with the sight of Marley's pigtail sticking out into the hall. But there was
nothing on the back of the door, except the screws and nuts that held the
knocker on, so he said 'Pooh, pooh!' and closed it with a bang.
The sound resounded through the house like thunder. Every room above, and
every cask in the wine-merchant's cellars below, appeared to have a separate
peal of echoes of its own. Scrooge was not a man to be frightened by echoes.
He fastened the door, and walked across the hall, and up the stairs; slowly
too: trimming his candle as he went.
You may talk vaguely about driving a coach-and-six up a good old flight of
stairs, or through a bad young Act of Parliament; but I mean to say you
might have got a hearse up that staircase, and taken it broadwise, with the
splinter-bar towards the wall and the door towards the balustrades: and done
it easy. There was plenty of width for that, and room to spare; which is
perhaps the reason why Scrooge thought he saw a locomotive hearse going on
before him in the gloom. Half a dozen gas-lamps out of the street wouldn't
have lighted the entry too well, so you may suppose that it was pretty dark
with Scrooge's dip.
Up Scrooge went, not caring a button for that. Darkness is cheap, and
Scrooge liked it. But before he shut his heavy door, he walked through his
rooms to see that all was right. He had just enough recollection of the face
to desire to do that.
Sitting-room, bedroom, lumber-room. All as they should be. Nobody under the
table, nobody under the sofa; a small fire in the grate; spoon and basin
ready; and the little saucepan of gruel (Scrooge had a cold in his head)
upon the hob. Nobody under the bed; nobody in the closet; nobody in his
dressing-gown, which was hanging up in a suspicious attitude against the
wall. Lumber-room as usual. Old fire-guards, old shoes, two fish-baskets,
washing-stand on three legs, and a poker.
Quite satisfied, he closed his door, and locked himself in; double-locked
himself in, which was not his custom. Thus secured against surprise, he took
off his cravat; put on his dressing-gown and slippers, and his nightcap; and
sat down before the fire to take his gruel.
It was a very low fire indeed; nothing on such a bitter night. He was
obliged to sit close to it, and brood over it, before he could extract the
least sensation of warmth from such a handful of fuel. The fireplace was an
old one, built by some Dutch merchant long ago, and paved all round with
quaint Dutch tiles, designed to illustrate the Scriptures. There were Cains
and Abels, Pharaohs' daughters; Queens of Sheba, Angelic messengers
descending through the air on clouds like feather-beds, Abrahams,
Belshazzars, Apostles putting off to sea in butter-boats, hundreds of
figures to attract his thoughts - and yet that face of Marley, seven years
dead, came like the ancient Prophet's rod, and swallowed up the whole. If
each smooth tile had been a blank at first, with power to shape some picture
on its surface from the disjointed fragments of his thoughts, there would
have been a copy of old Marley's head on every one.
'Humbug!' said Scrooge; and walked across the room.
After several turns, he sat down again. As he threw his head back in the
chair, his glance happened to rest upon a bell, a disused bell, that hung in
the room, and communicated for some purpose now forgotten with a chamber in
the highest story of the building. It was with great astonishment, and with
a strange, inexplicable dread, that as he looked, he saw this bell begin to
swing. It swung so softly in the outset that it scarcely made a sound; but
soon it rang out loudly, and so did every bell in the house.
This might have lasted half a minute, or a minute, but it seemed an hour.
The bells ceased as they had begun, together. They were succeeded by a
clanking noise, deep down below; as if some person were dragging a heavy
chain over the casks in the wine merchant's cellar. Scrooge then remembered
to have heard that ghosts in haunted houses were described as dragging
The cellar-door flew open with a booming sound, and then he heard the noise
much louder, on the floors below; then coming up the stairs; then coming
straight towards his door.
'It's humbug still!' said Scrooge. 'I won't believe it.'
His colour changed though, when, without a pause, it came on through the
heavy door, and passed into the room before his eyes. Upon its coming in,
the dying flame leaped up, as though it cried, 'I know him; Marley's Ghost!'
and fell again.
The same face: the very same. Marley in his pigtail, usual waistcoat, tights
and boots; the tassels on the latter bristling, like his pigtail, and his
coat-skirts, and the hair upon his head. The chain he drew was clasped about
his middle. It was long, and wound about him like a tail; and it was made
(for Scrooge observed it closely) of cash-boxes, keys, padlocks, ledgers,
deeds, and heavy purses wrought in steel. His body was transparent, so that
Scrooge, observing him, and looking through his waistcoat, could see the two
buttons on his coat behind.
Scrooge had often heard it said that Marley had no bowels, but he had never
believed it until now.
No, nor did he believe it even now. Though he looked the phantom through and
through, and saw it standing before him; though he felt the chilling
influence of its death-cold eyes; and marked the very texture of the folded
kerchief bound about its head and chin, which wrapper he had not observed
before: he was still incredulous, and fought against his senses.
'How now!' said Scrooge, caustic and cold as ever. 'What do you want with
'Much!' - Marley's voice, no doubt about it.
'Who are you?'
'Ask me who I was.'
'Who were you then?' said Scrooge, raising his voice. 'You're particular,
for a shade.' He was going to say 'to a shade,' but substituted this, as
'In life I was your partner, Jacob Marley.'
- can you sit down?' asked Scrooge, looking doubtfully at him.
'Do it then.'
Scrooge asked the question, because he didn't know whether a ghost so
transparent might find himself in a condition to take a chair; and felt that
in the event of its being impossible, it might involve the necessity of an
embarrassing explanation. But the ghost sat down on the opposite side of the
fireplace, as if he were quite used to it.
'You don't believe in me,' observed the Ghost.
'I don't.' said Scrooge.
'What evidence would you have of my reality, beyond that of your senses?'
'I don't know,' said Scrooge.
'Why do you doubt your senses?'
'Because,' said Scrooge, 'a little thing affects them. A slight disorder of
the stomach makes them cheats. You may be an undigested bit of beef, a blot
of mustard, a crumb of cheese, a fragment of an underdone potato. There's
more of gravy than of grave about you, whatever you are!'
Scrooge was not much in the habit of cracking jokes, nor did he feel, in his
heart, by any means waggish then. The truth is, that he tried to be smart,
as a means of distracting his own attention, and keeping down his terror;
for the spectre's voice disturbed the very marrow in his bones.
To sit, staring at those fixed glazed eyes, in silence for a moment, would
play, Scrooge felt, the very deuce with him. There was something very awful,
too, in the spectre's being provided with an infernal atmosphere of its own.
Scrooge could not feel it himself, but this was clearly the case; for though
the Ghost sat perfectly motionless, its hair, and skirts, and tassels, were
still agitated as by the hot vapour from an oven.
'You see this toothpick?' said Scrooge, returning quickly to the charge, for
the reason just assigned; and wishing, though it were only for a second, to
divert the vision's stony gaze from himself.
'I do,' replied the Ghost.
'You are not looking at it,' said Scrooge.
'But I see it,' said the Ghost, 'notwithstanding.'
'Well!' returned Scrooge, 'I have but to swallow this, and be for the rest
of my days persecuted by a legion of goblins, all of my own creation.
Humbug, I tell you! humbug!'
At this the spirit raised a frightful cry, and shook its chain with such a
dismal and appalling noise, that Scrooge held on tight to his chair, to save
himself from falling in a swoon. But how much greater was his horror, when
the phantom taking off the bandage round its head, as if it were too warm to
wear indoors, its lower jaw dropped down upon its breast!
Scrooge fell upon his knees, and clasped his hands before his face.
'Mercy!' he said. 'Dreadful apparition, why do you trouble me?'
'Man of the worldly mind!' replied the Ghost, 'do you believe in me or not?'
'I do,' said Scrooge. 'I must. But why do spirits walk the earth, and why do
they come to me?'
'It is required of every man,' the Ghost returned, 'that the spirit within
him should walk abroad among his fellowmen, and travel far and wide; and if
that spirit goes not forth in life, it is condemned to do so after death. It
is doomed to wander through the world - oh, woe is me! - and witness what
it cannot share, but might have shared on earth, and turned to happiness!'
Again the spectre raised a cry, and shook its chain and wrung its shadowy
'You are fettered,' said Scrooge, trembling. 'Tell me why?'
'I wear the chain I forged in life,' replied the Ghost. 'I made it link by
link, and yard by yard; I girded it on of my own free will, and of my own
free will I wore it. Is its pattern strange to you?'
Scrooge trembled more and more.
'Or would you know,' pursued the Ghost, 'the weight and length of the strong
coil you bear yourself? It was full as heavy and as long as this, seven
Christmas Eves ago. You have laboured on it, since. It is a ponderous
Scrooge glanced about him on the floor, in the expectation of finding
himself surrounded by some fifty or sixty fathoms of iron cable: but he
could see nothing.
'Jacob,' he said, imploringly. 'Old Jacob Marley, tell me more. Speak
comfort to me, Jacob!'
'I have none to give,' the Ghost replied. 'It comes from other regions,
Ebenezer Scrooge, and is conveyed by other ministers, to other kinds of men.
Nor can I tell you what I would. A very little more, is all permitted to me.
I cannot rest, I cannot stay, I cannot linger anywhere. My spirit never
walked beyond our counting-house - mark me! - in life my spirit never
roved beyond the narrow limits of our money-changing hole; and weary
journeys lie before me!'
It was a habit with Scrooge, whenever he became thoughtful, to put his hands
in his breeches pockets. Pondering on what the Ghost had said, he did so
now, but without lifting up his eyes, or getting off his knees.
'You must have been very slow about it, Jacob,' Scrooge observed, in a
business-like manner, though with humility and deference.
'Slow!' the Ghost repeated.
'Seven years dead,' mused Scrooge. 'And travelling all the time!'
'The whole time,' said the Ghost. 'No rest, no peace. Incessant torture of
'You travel fast?' said Scrooge.
'On the wings of the wind,' replied the Ghost.
'You might have got over a great quantity of ground in seven years,' said
The Ghost, on hearing this, set up another cry, and clanked its chain so
hideously in the dead silence of the night, that the Ward would have been
justified in indicting it for a nuisance.
'Oh! captive, bound, and double-ironed,' cried the phantom, 'not to know,
that ages of incessant labour, by immortal creatures, for this earth must
pass into eternity before the good of which it is susceptible is all
developed. Not to know that any Christian spirit working kindly in its
little sphere, whatever it may be, will find its mortal life too short for
its vast means of usefulness. Not to know that no space of regret can make
amends for one life's opportunity misused! Yet such was I! Oh! such was I!'
'But you were always a good man of business, Jacob,' faltered Scrooge, who
now began to apply this to himself.
'Business!' cried the Ghost, wringing its hands again. 'Mankind was my
business. The common welfare was my business; charity, mercy, forbearance,
and benevolence, were, all, my business. The dealings of my trade were but a
drop of water in the comprehensive ocean of my business!'
It held up its chain at arm's length, as if that were the cause of all its
unavailing grief, and flung it heavily upon the ground again.
'At this time of the rolling year,' the spectre said 'I suffer most. Why did
I walk through crowds of fellow-beings with my eyes turned down, and never
raise them to that blessed Star which led the Wise Men to a poor abode! Were
there no poor homes to which its light would have conducted me!'
Scrooge was very much dismayed to hear the spectre going on at this rate,
and began to quake exceedingly.
'Hear me!' cried the Ghost. 'My time is nearly gone.'
'I will,' said Scrooge. 'But don't be hard upon me! Don't be flowery, Jacob!
'How it is that I appear before you in a shape that you can see, I may not
tell. I have sat invisible beside you many and many a day.'
It was not an agreeable idea. Scrooge shivered, and wiped the perspiration
from his brow.
'That is no light part of my penance,' pursued the Ghost. 'I am here
to-night to warn you, that you have yet a chance and hope of escaping my
fate. A chance and hope of my procuring, Ebenezer.'
'You were always a good friend to me,' said Scrooge. 'Thank
'You will be haunted,' resumed the Ghost, 'by Three Spirits.'
Scrooge's countenance fell almost as low as the Ghost's had done.
'Is that the chance and hope you mentioned, Jacob?' he demanded, in a
'I - I think I'd rather not,' said Scrooge.
'Without their visits,' said the Ghost, 'you cannot hope to shun the path I
tread. Expect the first tomorrow, when the bell tolls one.'
'Couldn't I take 'em all at once, and have it over, Jacob?' hinted Scrooge.
'Expect the second on the next night at the same hour. The third upon the
next night when the last stroke of twelve has ceased to vibrate. Look to see
me no more; and look that, for your own sake, you remember what has passed
When it had said these words, the spectre took its wrapper from the table,
and bound it round its head, as before. Scrooge knew this, by the smart
sound its teeth made, when the jaws were brought together by the bandage. He
ventured to raise his eyes again, and found his supernatural visitor
confronting him in an erect attitude, with its chain wound over and about
The apparition walked backward from him; and at every step it took, the
window raised itself a little, so that when the spectre reached it, it was
wide open. It beckoned Scrooge to approach, which he did. When they were
within two paces of each other, Marley's Ghost held up its hand, warning him
to come no nearer. Scrooge stopped.
Not so much in obedience, as in surprise and fear: for on the raising of the
hand, he became sensible of confused noises in the air; incoherent sounds of
lamentation and regret; wailings inexpressibly sorrowful and
self-accusatory. The spectre, after listening for a moment, joined in the
mournful dirge; and floated out upon the bleak, dark night.
Scrooge followed to the window: desperate in his curiosity. He looked out.
The air was filled with phantoms, wandering hither and thither in restless
haste, and moaning as they went. Every one of them wore chains like Marley's
Ghost; some few (they might be guilty governments) were linked together;
none were free. Many had been personally known to Scrooge in their lives. He
had been quite familiar with one old ghost, in a white waistcoat, with a
monstrous iron safe attached to its ankle, who cried piteously at being
unable to assist a wretched woman with an infant, whom it saw below, upon a
door-step. The misery with them all was, clearly, that they sought to
interfere, for good, in human matters, and had lost the power for ever.
Whether these creatures faded into mist, or mist enshrouded them, he could
not tell. But they and their spirit voices faded together; and the night
became as it had been when he walked home.
Scrooge closed the window, and examined the door by which the Ghost had
entered. It was double-locked, as he had locked it with his own hands, and
the bolts were undisturbed. He tried to say 'Humbug!' but stopped at the
first syllable. And being, from the emotion he had undergone, or the
fatigues of the day, or his glimpse of the Invisible World, or the dull
conversation of the Ghost, or the lateness of the hour, much in need of
repose; went straight to bed, without undressing, and fell asleep upon the
A CHRISTMAS CAROL by Charles Dickens
The First of the Three Spirits
Then Scrooge awoke, it was so dark, that looking out of bed, he could
scarcely distinguish the transparent window from the opaque walls of his
chamber. He was endeavouring to pierce the darkness with his ferret eyes,
when the chimes of a neighbouring church struck the four quarters. So he
listened for the hour.
To his great astonishment the heavy bell went on from six to seven, and from
seven to eight, and regularly up to twelve; then stopped. Twelve. It was
past two when he went to bed. The clock was wrong. An icicle must have got
into the works. Twelve.
He touched the spring of his repeater, to correct this most preposterous
clock. Its rapid little pulse beat twelve: and stopped.
'Why, it isn't possible,' said Scrooge, 'that I can have slept through a
whole day and far into another night. It isn't possible that anything has
happened to the sun, and this is twelve at noon.'
The idea being an alarming one, he scrambled out of bed, and groped his way
to the window. He was obliged to rub the frost off with the sleeve of his
dressing-gown before he could see anything; and could see very little then.
All he could make out was, that it was still very foggy and extremely cold,
and that there was no noise of people running to and fro, and making a great
stir, as there unquestionably would have been if night had beaten off bright
day, and taken possession of the world. This was a great relief, because
'three days after sight of this First of Exchange pay to Mr. Ebenezer
Scrooge or his order,' and so forth, would have become a mere United States'
security if there were no days to count by.
Scrooge went to bed again, and thought, and thought, and thought it over and
over and over, and could make nothing of it. The more he thought, the more
perplexed he was; and the more he endeavoured not to think, the more he
thought. Marley's Ghost bothered him exceedingly. Every time he resolved
within himself, after mature inquiry, that it was all a dream, his mind flew
back again, like a strong spring released, to its first position, and
presented the same problem to be worked all through, 'Was it a dream or
Scrooge lay in this state until the chimes had gone three quarters more,
when he remembered, on a sudden, that the Ghost had warned him of a
visitation when the bell tolled one. He resolved to lie awake until the hour
was past; and, considering that he could no more go to sleep than go to
Heaven, this was perhaps the wisest resolution in his power.
The quarter was so long, that he was more than once convinced he must have
sunk into a doze unconsciously, and missed the clock. At length it broke
upon his listening ear.
'A quarter past,' said Scrooge, counting.
'Half past!' said Scrooge.
'A quarter to it,' said Scrooge.
'The hour itself,' said Scrooge, triumphantly,
'and nothing else!'
He spoke before the hour bell sounded, which it now did with a deep, dull,
hollow, melancholy One. Light flashed up in the room upon the instant, and
the curtains of his bed were drawn.
The curtains of his bed were drawn aside, I tell you, by a hand. Not the
curtains at his feet, nor the curtains at his back, but those to which his
face was addressed. The curtains of his bed were drawn aside; and Scrooge,
starting up into a half-recumbent attitude, found himself face to face with
the unearthly visitor who drew them: as close to it as I am now to you, and
I am standing in the spirit at your elbow.
It was a strange figure - like a child: yet not so like a child as like an
old man, viewed through some supernatural medium, which gave him the
appearance of having receded from the view, and being diminished to a
child's proportions. Its hair, which hung about its neck and down its back,
was white as if with age; and yet the face had not a wrinkle in it, and the tenderest bloom was on the skin. The arms were very long and muscular; the
hands the same, as if its hold were of uncommon strength. Its legs and feet,
most delicately formed, were, like those upper members, bare. It wore a
tunic of the purest white, and round its waist was bound a lustrous belt,
the sheen of which was beautiful. It held a branch of fresh green holly in
its hand; and, in singular contradiction of that wintry emblem, had its
dress trimmed with summer flowers. But the strangest thing about it was,
that from the crown of its head there sprung a bright clear jet of light, by
which all this was visible; and which was doubtless the occasion of its
using, in its duller moments, a great extinguisher for a cap, which it now
held under its arm.
Even this, though, when Scrooge looked at it with increasing steadiness, was
not its strangest quality. For as its belt sparkled and glittered now in one
part and now in another, and what was light one instant, at another time was
dark, so the figure itself fluctuated in its distinctness: being now a thing
with one arm, now with one leg, now with twenty legs, now a pair of legs
without a head, now a head without a body: of which dissolving parts, no
outline would be visible in the dense gloom wherein they melted away. And in
the very wonder of this, it would be itself again; distinct and clear as
'Are you the Spirit, sir, whose coming was foretold to me?' asked Scrooge.
The voice was soft and gentle. Singularly low, as if instead of being so
close beside him, it were at a distance.
'Who, and what are you?' Scrooge demanded.
'I am the Ghost of Christmas Past.'
'Long Past?' inquired Scrooge: observant of its dwarfish stature.
'No. Your past.'
Perhaps, Scrooge could not have told anybody why, if anybody could have
asked him; but he had a special desire to see the Spirit in his cap; and
begged him to be covered.
'What!' exclaimed the Ghost, 'Would you so soon put out, with worldly hands,
the light I give? Is it not enough that you are one of those whose passions
made this cap, and force me through whole trains of years to wear it low
upon my brow!'
Scrooge reverently disclaimed all intention to offend or any knowledge of
having wilfully bonneted the Spirit at any period of his life. He then made
bold to inquire what business brought him there.
'Your welfare,' said the Ghost.
Scrooge expressed himself much obliged, but could not help thinking that a
night of unbroken rest would have been more conducive to that end. The
Spirit must have heard him thinking, for it said immediately:
'Your reclamation, then. Take heed.'
It put out its strong hand as it spoke, and clasped him gently by the arm.
'Rise. And walk with me.'
It would have been in vain for Scrooge to plead that the weather and the
hour were not adapted to pedestrian purposes; that bed was warm, and the
thermometer a long way below freezing; that he was clad but lightly in his
slippers, dressing-gown, and nightcap; and that he had a cold upon him at
that time. The grasp, though gentle as a woman's hand, was not to be
resisted. He rose: but finding that the Spirit made towards the window,
clasped his robe in supplication.
'I am mortal,' Scrooge remonstrated, 'and liable to fall.'
'Bear but a touch of my hand there,' said the Spirit, laying it upon his
heart, 'and you shall be upheld in more than this.'
As the words were spoken, they passed through the wall, and stood upon an
open country road, with fields on either hand. The city had entirely
vanished. Not a vestige of it was to be seen. The darkness and the mist had
vanished with it, for it was a clear, cold, winter day, with snow upon the
'Good Heaven!' said Scrooge, clasping his hands together, as he looked about
him. 'I was bred in this place. I was a boy here.'
The Spirit gazed upon him mildly. Its gentle touch, though it had been light
and instantaneous, appeared still present to the old man's sense of feeling.
He was conscious of a thousand odours floating in the air, each one
connected with a thousand thoughts, and hopes, and joys, and cares long,
'Your lip is trembling,' said the Ghost. 'And what is that upon your cheek?'
Scrooge muttered, with an unusual catching in his voice, that it was a
pimple; and begged the Ghost to lead him where he would.
'You recollect the way?' inquired the Spirit.
'Remember it!' cried Scrooge with fervour
- 'I could walk it blindfold.'
'Strange to have forgotten it for so many years,' observed the Ghost. 'Let
us go on.'
They walked along the road, Scrooge recognising every gate, and post, and
tree; until a little market-town appeared in the distance, with its bridge,
its church, and winding river. Some shaggy ponies now were seen trotting
towards them with boys upon their backs, who called to other boys in country
gigs and carts, driven by farmers. All these boys were in great spirits, and
shouted to each other, until the broad fields were so full of merry music,
that the crisp air laughed to hear it.
'These are but shadows of the things that have been,' said the Ghost. 'They
have no consciousness of us.'
The jocund travellers came on; and as they came, Scrooge knew and named them
every one. Why was he rejoiced beyond all bounds to see them. Why did his
cold eye glisten, and his heart leap up as they went past? Why was he filled
with gladness when he heard them give each other Merry Christmas, as they
parted at cross-roads and-bye ways, for their several homes? What was merry
Christmas to Scrooge? Out upon merry Christmas! What good had it ever done
'The school is not quite deserted,' said the Ghost. 'A solitary child,
neglected by his friends, is left there still.'
Scrooge said he knew it. And he sobbed.
They left the high-road, by a well-remembered lane, and soon approached a
mansion of dull red brick, with a little weathercock-surmounted cupola, on
the roof, and a bell hanging in it. It was a large house, but one of broken
fortunes; for the spacious offices were little used, their walls were damp
and mossy, their windows broken, and their gates decayed. Fowls clucked and
strutted in the stables; and the coach-houses and sheds were over-run with
grass. Nor was it more retentive of its ancient state, within; for entering
the dreary hall, and glancing through the open doors of many rooms, they
found them poorly furnished, cold, and vast. There was an earthy savour in
the air, a chilly bareness in the place, which associated itself somehow
with too much getting up by candle-light, and not too much to eat.
They went, the Ghost and Scrooge, across the hall, to a door at the back of
the house. It opened before them, and disclosed a long, bare, melancholy
room, made barer still by lines of plain deal forms and desks. At one of
these a lonely boy was reading near a feeble fire; and Scrooge sat down upon
a form, and wept to see his poor forgotten self as he used to be.
Not a latent echo in the house, not a squeak and scuffle from the mice
behind the panelling, not a drip from the half-thawed water-spout in the dull
yard behind, not a sigh among the leafless boughs of one despondent poplar,
not the idle swinging of an empty store-house door, no, not a clicking in
the fire, but fell upon the heart of Scrooge with a softening influence, and
gave a freer passage to his tears.
The Spirit touched him on the arm, and pointed to his younger self, intent
upon his reading. Suddenly a man, in foreign garments: wonderfully real and
distinct to look at: stood outside the window, with an axe stuck in his belt,
and leading by the bridle an ass laden with wood.
'Why, it's Ali Baba!' Scrooge exclaimed in ecstasy. 'It's dear old honest
Ali Baba. Yes, yes, I know. One Christmas time, when yonder solitary child
was left here all alone, he did come, for the first time, just like that.
Poor boy. And Valentine,' said Scrooge, 'and his wild brother, Orson; there
they go. And what's his name, who was put down in his drawers, asleep, at
the Gate of Damascus; don't you see him? And the Sultan's Groom turned
upside down by the Genii; there he is upon his head. Serve him right. I'm
glad of it. What business had he to be married to the Princess.'
To hear Scrooge expending all the earnestness of his nature on such
subjects, in a most extraordinary voice between laughing and crying; and to
see his heightened and excited face; would have been a surprise to his
business friends in the city, indeed.
'There's the Parrot.' cried Scrooge. 'Green body and yellow tail, with a
thing like a lettuce growing out of the top of his head; there he is! Poor
Robin Crusoe, he called him, when he came home again after sailing round the
island. 'Poor Robin Crusoe, where have you been, Robin Crusoe?' The man
thought he was dreaming, but he wasn't. It was the Parrot, you know. There
goes Friday, running for his life to the little creek! Halloa! Hoop! Hallo!'
Then, with a rapidity of transition very foreign to his usual character, he
said, in pity for his former self, 'Poor boy!' and cried again.
'I wish,' Scrooge muttered, putting his hand in his pocket, and looking
about him, after drying his eyes with his cuff: 'but it's too late now.'
'What is the matter?' asked the Spirit.
'Nothing,' said Scrooge. 'Nothing. There was a boy singing a Christmas Carol
at my door last night. I should like to have given him something: that's
The Ghost smiled thoughtfully, and waved its hand: saying as it did so, 'Let
us see another Christmas!'
Scrooge's former self grew larger at the words, and the room became a little
darker and more dirty. The panels shrunk, the windows cracked; fragments of
plaster fell out of the ceiling, and the naked laths were shown instead; but
how all this was brought about, Scrooge knew no more than you do. He only
knew that it was quite correct; that everything had happened so; that there
he was, alone again, when all the other boys had gone home for the jolly
He was not reading now, but walking up and down despairingly. Scrooge looked
at the Ghost, and with a mournful shaking of his head, glanced anxiously
towards the door.
It opened; and a little girl, much younger than the boy, came darting in,
and putting her arms about his neck, and often kissing him, addressed him as
her 'Dear, dear brother.'
'I have come to bring you home, dear brother!' said the child, clapping her
tiny hands, and bending down to laugh. 'To bring you home, home, home!'
'Home, little Fan?' returned the boy.
'Yes!' said the child, brimful of glee. 'Home, for good and all. Home, for
ever and ever. Father is so much kinder than he used to be, that home's like
Heaven! He spoke so gently to me one dear night when I was going to bed,
that I was not afraid to ask him once more if you might come home; and he
said Yes, you should; and sent me in a coach to bring you. And you're to be
a man!' said the child, opening her eyes, 'and are never to come back here;
but first, we're to be together all the Christmas long, and have the
merriest time in all the world.'
'You are quite a woman, little Fan!' exclaimed the boy.
She clapped her hands and laughed, and tried to touch his head; but being
too little, laughed again, and stood on tiptoe to embrace him. Then she
began to drag him, in her childish eagerness, towards the door; and he,
nothing loth to go, accompanied her.
A terrible voice in the hall cried. 'Bring down Master Scrooge's box,
there!' And in the hall appeared the schoolmaster himself, who glared on
Master Scrooge with a ferocious condescension, and threw him into a dreadful
state of mind by shaking hands with him. He then conveyed him and his sister
into the veriest old well of a shivering best-parlour that ever was seen,
where the maps upon the wall, and the celestial and terrestrial globes in
the windows, were waxy with cold. Here he produced a decanter of curiously
light wine, and a block of curiously heavy cake, and administered
instalments of those dainties to the young people: at the same time,
sending out a meagre servant to offer a glass of 'something' to the postboy,
who answered that he thanked the gentleman, but if it was the same tap as he
had tasted before, he had rather not. Master Scrooge's trunk being by this
time tied on to the top of the chaise, the children bade the schoolmaster
good-bye right willingly; and getting into it, drove gaily down the
garden-sweep: the quick wheels dashing the hoar-frost and snow from off the
dark leaves of the evergreens like spray.
'Always a delicate creature, whom a breath might have withered,' said the
Ghost. 'But she had a large heart!'
'So she had,' cried Scrooge. 'You're right. I'll not gainsay it, Spirit. God
'She died a woman,' said the Ghost, 'and had, as I think, children.'
'One child,' Scrooge returned.
'True,' said the Ghost. 'Your nephew!'
Scrooge seemed uneasy in his mind; and answered briefly, 'Yes.'
Although they had but that moment left the school behind them, they were now
in the busy thoroughfares of a city, where shadowy passengers passed and
re-passed; where shadowy carts and coaches battle for the way, and all the
strife and tumult of a real city were. It was made plain enough, by the
dressing of the shops, that here too it was Christmas time again; but it was
evening, and the streets were lighted up.
The Ghost stopped at a certain warehouse door, and asked Scrooge if he knew
'Know it!' said Scrooge. 'Was I apprenticed here?'
They went in. At sight of an old gentleman in a Welsh wig, sitting behind
such a high desk, that if he had been two inches taller he must have knocked
his head against the ceiling, Scrooge cried in great excitement:
'Why, it's old Fezziwig! Bless his heart; it's Fezziwig alive again!'
Old Fezziwig laid down his pen, and looked up at the clock, which pointed to
the hour of seven. He rubbed his hands; adjusted his capacious waistcoat;
laughed all over himself, from his shows to his organ of benevolence; and
called out in a comfortable, oily, rich, fat, jovial voice:
'Yo ho, there! Ebenezer! Dick!'
Scrooge's former self, now grown a young man, came briskly in, accompanied
by his fellow-prentice.
'Dick Wilkins, to be sure,' said Scrooge to the Ghost. 'Bless me, yes. There
he is. He was very much attached to me, was Dick. Poor Dick. Dear, dear.'
'Yo ho, my boys!' said Fezziwig. 'No more work to-night. Christmas Eve,
Dick. Christmas, Ebenezer. Let's have the shutters up,' cried old Fezziwig,
with a sharp clap of his hands, 'before a man can say Jack Robinson.'
You wouldn't believe how those two fellows went at it. They charged into the
street with the shutters - one, two, three - had them up in their places
- four, five, six - barred them and pinned then - seven, eight, nine -
and came back before you could have got to twelve, panting like race-horses.
'Hilli-ho!' cried old Fezziwig, skipping down from the high desk, with
wonderful agility. 'Clear away, my lads, and let's have lots of room here.
Hilli-ho, Dick! Chirrup, Ebenezer.'
Clear away! There was nothing they wouldn't have cleared away, or couldn't
have cleared away, with old Fezziwig looking on. It was done in a minute.
Every movable was packed off, as if it were dismissed from public life for
evermore; the floor was swept and watered, the lamps were trimmed, fuel was
heaped upon the fire; and the warehouse was as snug, and warm, and dry, and
bright a ball-room, as you would desire to see upon a winter's night.
In came a fiddler with a music-book, and went up to the lofty desk, and made
an orchestra of it, and tuned like fifty stomach-aches. In came Mrs Fezziwig,
one vast substantial smile. In came the three Miss Fezziwigs, beaming and
lovable. In came the six young followers whose hearts they broke. In came
all the young men and women employed in the business. In came the housemaid,
with her cousin, the baker. In came the cook, with her brother's particular
friend, the milkman. In came the boy from over the way, who was suspected of
not having board enough from his master; trying to hide himself behind the
girl from next door but one, who was proved to have had her ears pulled by
her mistress. In they all came, one after another; some shyly, some boldly,
some gracefully, some awkwardly, some pushing, some pulling; in they all
came, anyhow and everyhow. Away they all went, twenty couple at once; hands
half round and back again the other way; down the middle and up again; round
and round in various stages of affectionate grouping; old top couple always
turning up in the wrong place; new top couple starting off again, as soon as
they got there; all top couples at last, and not a bottom one to help them.
When this result was brought about, old Fezziwig, clapping his hands to stop
the dance, cried out, 'Well done!' and the fiddler plunged his hot face into
a pot of porter, especially provided for that purpose. But scorning rest,
upon his reappearance, he instantly began again, though there were no
dancers yet, as if the other fiddler had been carried home, exhausted, on a
shutter, and he were a bran-new man resolved to beat him out of sight, or
There were more dances, and there were forfeits, and more dances, and there
was cake, and there was negus, and there was a great piece of Cold Roast,
and there was a great piece of Cold Boiled, and there were mince-pies, and
plenty of beer. But the great effect of the evening came after the Roast and
Boiled, when the fiddler (an artful dog, mind! The sort of man who knew his
business better than you or I could have told it him!) struck up 'Sir Roger
de Coverley.' Then old Fezziwig stood out to dance with Mrs Fezziwig. Top
couple too; with a good stiff piece of work cut out for them; three or four
and twenty pair of partners; people who were not to be trifled with; people
who would dance, and had no notion of walking.
But if they had been twice as many
- ah, four times - old Fezziwig would
have been a match for them, and so would Mrs Fezziwig. As to her, she was
worthy to be his partner in every sense of the term. If that's not high
praise, tell me higher, and I'll use it. A positive light appeared to issue
from Fezziwig's calves. They shone in every part of the dance like moons.
You couldn't have predicted, at any given time, what would have become of
them next. And when old Fezziwig and Mrs Fezziwig had gone all through the
dance; advance and retire, both hands to your partner, bow and curtsey,
corkscrew, thread-the-needle, and back again to your place; Fezziwig cut -
cut so deftly, that he appeared to wink with his legs, and came upon his
feet again without a stagger.
When the clock struck eleven, this domestic ball broke up. Mr and Mrs
Fezziwig took their stations, one on either side of the door, and shaking
hands with every person individually as he or she went out, wished him or
her a Merry Christmas. When everybody had retired but the two prentices,
they did the same to them; and thus the cheerful voices died away, and the
lads were left to their beds; which were under a counter in the back-shop.
During the whole of this time, Scrooge had acted like a man out of his wits.
His heart and soul were in the scene, and with his former self. He
corroborated everything, remembered everything, enjoyed everything, and
underwent the strangest agitation. It was not until now, when the bright
faces of his former self and Dick were turned from them, that he remembered
the Ghost, and became conscious that it was looking full upon him, while the
light upon its head burnt very clear.
'A small matter,' said the Ghost, 'to make these silly folks so full of
'Small!' echoed Scrooge.
The Spirit signed to him to listen to the two apprentices, who were pouring
out their hearts in praise of Fezziwig: and when he had done so, said,
'Why! Is it not! He has spent but a few pounds of your mortal money: three
or four perhaps. Is that so much that he deserves this praise?'
'It isn't that,' said Scrooge, heated by the remark, and speaking
unconsciously like his former, not his latter, self. 'It isn't that, Spirit.
He has the power to render us happy or unhappy; to make our service light or
burdensome; a pleasure or a toil. Say that his power lies in words and
looks; in things so slight and insignificant that it is impossible to add
and count them up: what then? The happiness he gives, is quite as great as
if it cost a fortune.'
He felt the Spirit's glance, and stopped.
'What is the matter?' asked the Ghost.
'Nothing in particular,' said Scrooge.
'Something, I think?' the Ghost insisted.
'No,' said Scrooge, 'No. I should like to be able to say a word or two to my
clerk just now! That's all.'
His former self turned down the lamps as he gave utterance to the wish; and
Scrooge and the Ghost again stood side by side in the open air.
'My time grows short,' observed the Spirit. 'Quick!'
This was not addressed to Scrooge, or to any one whom he could see, but it
produced an immediate effect. For again Scrooge saw himself. He was older
now; a man in the prime of life. His face had not the harsh and rigid lines
of later years; but it had begun to wear the signs of care and avarice.
There was an eager, greedy, restless motion in the eye, which showed the
passion that had taken root, and where the shadow of the growing tree would
He was not alone, but sat by the side of a fair young girl in a
mourning-dress: in whose eyes there were tears, which sparkled in the light
that shone out of the Ghost of Christmas Past.
'It matters little,' she said, softly. 'To you, very little. Another idol
has displaced me; and if it can cheer and comfort you in time to come, as I
would have tried to do, I have no just cause to grieve.'
'What Idol has displaced you?' he rejoined.
'A golden one.'
'This is the even-handed dealing of the world!' he said. 'There is nothing
on which it is so hard as poverty; and there is nothing it professes to
condemn with such severity as the pursuit of wealth!'
'You fear the world too much,' she answered, gently. 'All your other hopes
have merged into the hope of being beyond the chance of its sordid reproach.
I have seen your nobler aspirations fall off one by one, until the
master-passion, Gain, engrosses you. Have I not?'
'What then?' he retorted. 'Even if I have grown so much wiser, what then? I
am not changed towards you.'
She shook her head.
'Our contract is an old one. It was made when we were both poor and content
to be so, until, in good season, we could improve our worldly fortune by our
patient industry. You are changed. When it was made, you were another man.'
'I was a boy,' he said impatiently.
'Your own feeling tells you that you were not what you are,' she returned.
'I am. That which promised happiness when we were one in heart, is fraught
with misery now that we are two. How often and how keenly I have thought of
this, I will not say. It is enough that I have thought of it, and can
'Have I ever sought release?'
'In words? No. Never.'
'In what, then?'
'In a changed nature; in an altered spirit; in another atmosphere of life;
another Hope as its great end. In everything that made my love of any worth
or value in your sight. If this had never been between us,' said the girl,
looking mildly, but with steadiness, upon him; 'tell me, would you seek me
out and try to win me now? Ah, no!'
He seemed to yield to the justice of this supposition, in spite of himself.
But he said with a struggle,' You think not?'
'I would gladly think otherwise if I could,' she answered, 'Heaven knows.
When I have learned a Truth like this, I know how strong and irresistible it
must be. But if you were free to-day, to-morrow, yesterday, can even I
believe that you would choose a dowerless girl - you who, in your very
confidence with her, weigh everything by Gain: or, choosing her, if for a
moment you were false enough to your one guiding principle to do so, do I
not know that your repentance and regret would surely follow? I do; and I
release you. With a full heart, for the love of him you once were.'
He was about to speak; but with her head turned from him, she resumed.
- the memory of what is past half makes me hope you will - have
pain in this. A very, very brief time, and you will dismiss the recollection
of it, gladly, as an unprofitable dream, from which it happened well that
you awoke. May you be happy in the life you have chosen.'
She left him, and they parted.
'Spirit!' said Scrooge, 'show me no more! Conduct me home. Why do you
delight to torture me?'
'One shadow more!' exclaimed the Ghost.
'No more!' cried Scrooge! 'No more, I don't wish to see it! Show me no
But the relentless Ghost pinioned him in both his arms, and forced him to
observe what happened next.
They were in another scene and place; a room, not very large or handsome,
but full of comfort. Near to the winter fire sat a beautiful young girl, so
like that last that Scrooge believed it was the same, until he saw her, now
a comely matron, sitting opposite her daughter. The noise in this room was
perfectly tumultuous, for there were more children there, than Scrooge in
his agitated state of mind could count; and, unlike the celebrated herd in
the poem, they were not forty children conducting themselves like one, but
every child was conducting itself like forty. The consequences were
uproarious beyond belief; but no one seemed to care; on the contrary, the
mother and daughter laughed heartily, and enjoyed it very much; and the
latter, soon beginning to mingle in the sports, got pillaged by the young
brigands most ruthlessly. What would I not have given to one of them. Though
I never could have been so rude, no, no! I wouldn't for the wealth of all
the world have crushed that braided hair, and torn it down; and for the
precious little shoe, I wouldn't have plucked it off, God bless my soul! to
save my life. As to measuring her waist in sport, as they did, bold young
brood, I couldn't have done it; I should have expected my arm to have grown
round it for a punishment, and never come straight again. And yet I should
have dearly liked, I own, to have touched her lips; to have questioned her,
that she might have opened them; to have looked upon the lashes of her
downcast eyes, and never raised a blush; to have let loose waves of hair, an
inch of which would be a keepsake beyond price: in short, I should have
liked, I do confess, to have had the lightest licence of a child, and yet to
have been man enough to know its value.
But now a knocking at the door was heard, and such a rush immediately ensued
that she with laughing face and plundered dress was borne towards it the
centre of a flushed and boisterous group, just in time to greet the father,
who came home attended by a man laden with Christmas toys and presents. Then
the shouting and the struggling, and the onslaught that was made on the
defenceless porter. The scaling him with chairs for ladders to dive into his
pockets, despoil him of brown-paper parcels, hold on tight by his cravat,
hug him round his neck, pommel his back, and kick his legs in irrepressible
affection. The shouts of wonder and delight with which the development of
every package was received. The terrible announcement that the baby had been
taken in the act of putting a doll's frying-pan into his mouth, and was more
than suspected of having swallowed a fictitious turkey, glued on a wooden
platter. The immense relief of finding this a false alarm. The joy, and
gratitude, and ecstasy. They are all indescribable alike. It is enough that
by degrees the children and their emotions got out of the parlour, and by
one stair at a time, up to the top of the house; where they went to bed, and
And now Scrooge looked on more attentively than ever, when the master of the
house, having his daughter leaning fondly on him, sat down with her and her
mother at his own fireside; and when he thought that such another creature,
quite as graceful and as full of promise, might have called him father, and
been a spring-time in the haggard winter of his life, his sight grew very
'Belle,' said the husband, turning to his wife with a smile, 'I saw an old
friend of yours this afternoon.'
'Who was it?'
'How can I? Tut, don't I know,' she added in the same breath, laughing as he
laughed. 'Mr. Scrooge.'
'Mr. Scrooge it was. I passed his office window; and as it was not shut up,
and he had a candle inside, I could scarcely help seeing him. His partner
lies upon the point of death, I hear; and there he sat alone. Quite alone in
the world, I do believe.'
'Spirit!' said Scrooge in a broken voice, 'remove me from this place.'
'I told you these were shadows of the things that have been,' said the
Ghost. 'That they are what they are, do not blame me!'
He turned upon the Ghost, and seeing that it looked upon him with a face, in
which in some strange way there were fragments of all the faces it had shown
him, wrestled with it.
'Leave me! Take me back. Haunt me no longer!'
In the struggle, if that can be called a struggle in which the Ghost with no
visible resistance on its own part was undisturbed by any effort of its
adversary, Scrooge observed that its light was burning high and bright; and
dimly connecting that with its influence over him, he seized the
extinguisher-cap, and by a sudden action pressed it down upon its head.
The Spirit dropped beneath it, so that the extinguisher covered its whole
form; but though Scrooge pressed it down with all his force, he could not
hide the light, which streamed from under it, in an unbroken flood upon the
He was conscious of being exhausted, and overcome by an irresistible
drowsiness; and, further, of being in his own bedroom. He gave the cap a
parting squeeze, in which his hand relaxed; and had barely time to reel to
bed, before he sank into a heavy sleep.
A CHRISTMAS CAROL by Charles Dickens
The Second of the Three Spirits
Waking in the middle of a prodigiously tough snore, and sitting up in bed to
get his thoughts together, Scrooge had no occasion to be told that the bell
was again upon the stroke of One. He felt that he was restored to
consciousness in the right nick of time, for the especial purpose of holding
a conference with the second messenger dispatched to him through Jacob
Marley's intervention. But, finding that he turned uncomfortably cold when
he began to wonder which of his curtains this new spectre would draw back,
he put them every one aside with his own hands, and lying down again,
established a sharp look-out all round the bed. For, he wished to challenge
the Spirit on the moment of its appearance, and did not wish to be taken by
surprise, and made nervous.
Gentlemen of the free-and-easy sort, who plume themselves on being
acquainted with a move or two, and being usually equal to the time-of-day,
express the wide range of their capacity for adventure by observing that
they are good for anything from pitch-and-toss to manslaughter; between
which opposite extremes, no doubt, there lies a tolerably wide and
comprehensive range of subjects. Without venturing for Scrooge quite as
hardily as this, I don't mind calling on you to believe that he was ready
for a good broad field of strange appearances, and that nothing between a
baby and rhinoceros would have astonished him very much.
Now, being prepared for almost anything, he was not by any means prepared
for nothing; and, consequently, when the Bell struck One, and no shape
appeared, he was taken with a violent fit of trembling. Five minutes, ten
minutes, a quarter of an hour went by, yet nothing came. All this time, he
lay upon his bed, the very core and centre of a blaze of ruddy light, which
streamed upon it when the clock proclaimed the hour; and which, being only
light, was more alarming than a dozen ghosts, as he was powerless to make
out what it meant, or would be at; and was sometimes apprehensive that he
might be at that very moment an interesting case of spontaneous combustion,
without having the consolation of knowing it. At last, however, he began to
think - as you or I would have thought at first; for it is always the
person not in the predicament who knows what ought to have been done in it,
and would unquestionably have done it too - at last, I say, he began to
think that the source and secret of this ghostly light might be in the
adjoining room, from whence, on further tracing it, it seemed to shine. This
idea taking full possession of his mind, he got up softly and shuffled in
his slippers to the door.
The moment Scrooge's hand was on the lock, a strange voice called him by his
name, and bade him enter. He obeyed.
It was his own room. There was no doubt about that. But it had undergone a
surprising transformation. The walls and ceiling were so hung with living
green, that it looked a perfect grove; from every part of which, bright
gleaming berries glistened. The crisp leaves of holly, mistletoe, and ivy
reflected back the light, as if so many little mirrors had been scattered
there; and such a mighty blaze went roaring up the chimney, as that dull
petrifaction of a hearth had never known in Scrooge's time, or Marley's, or
for many and many a winter season gone. Heaped up on the floor, to form a
kind of throne, were turkeys, geese, game, poultry, brawn, great joints of
meat, sucking-pigs, long wreaths of sausages, mince-pies, plum-puddings,
barrels of oysters, red-hot chestnuts, cherry-cheeked apples, juicy oranges,
luscious pears, immense twelfth-cakes, and seething bowls of punch, that
made the chamber dim with their delicious steam. In easy state upon this
couch, there sat a jolly Giant, glorious to see:, who bore a glowing torch,
in shape not unlike Plenty's horn, and held it up, high up, to shed its
light on Scrooge, as he came peeping round the door.
'Come in!' exclaimed the Ghost. 'Come in, and know me better, man.'
Scrooge entered timidly, and hung his head before this Spirit. He was not
the dogged Scrooge he had been; and though the Spirit's eyes were clear and
kind, he did not like to meet them.
'I am the Ghost of Christmas Present,' said the Spirit. 'Look upon me.'
Scrooge reverently did so. It was clothed in one simple green robe, or
mantle, bordered with white fur. This garment hung so loosely on the figure,
that its capacious breast was bare, as if disdaining to be warded or
concealed by any artifice. Its feet, observable beneath the ample folds of
the garment, were also bare; and on its head it wore no other covering than
a holly wreath, set here and there with shining icicles. Its dark brown
curls were long and free; free as its genial face, its sparkling eye, its
open hand, its cheery voice, its unconstrained demeanour, and its joyful
air. Girded round its middle was an antique scabbard; but no sword was in
it, and the ancient sheath was eaten up with rust.
'You have never seen the like of me before!' exclaimed the Spirit.
'Never,' Scrooge made answer to it.
'Have never walked forth with the younger members of my family; meaning (for
I am very young) my elder brothers born in these later years?' pursued the
'I don't think I have,' said Scrooge. 'I am afraid I have not. Have you had
many brothers, Spirit?'
'More than eighteen hundred,' said the Ghost.
'A tremendous family to provide for,' muttered Scrooge.
The Ghost of Christmas Present rose.
'Spirit,' said Scrooge submissively, 'conduct me where you will. I went
forth last night on compulsion, and I learnt a lesson which is working now.
To-night, if you have aught to teach me, let me profit by it.'
'Touch my robe.'
Scrooge did as he was told, and held it fast.
Holly, mistletoe, red berries, ivy, turkeys, geese, game, poultry, brawn,
meat, pigs, sausages, oysters, pies, puddings, fruit, and punch, all
vanished instantly. So did the room, the fire, the ruddy glow, the hour of
night, and they stood in the city streets on Christmas morning, where (for
the weather was severe) the people made a rough, but brisk and not
unpleasant kind of music, in scraping the snow from the pavement in front of
their dwellings, and from the tops of their houses, whence it was mad
delight to the boys to see it come plumping down into the road below, and
splitting into artificial little snow-storms.
The house fronts looked black enough, and the windows blacker, contrasting
with the smooth white sheet of snow upon the roofs, and with the dirtier
snow upon the ground; which last deposit had been ploughed up in deep
furrows by the heavy wheels of carts and wagons; furrows that crossed and
recrossed each other hundreds of times where the great streets branched off,
and made intricate channels, hard to trace in the thick yellow mud and icy
water. The sky was gloomy, and the shortest streets were choked up with a
dingy mist, half thawed, half frozen, whose heavier particles descended in
shower of sooty atoms, as if all the chimneys in Great Britain had, by one
consent, caught fire, and were blazing away to their dear hearts' content.
There was nothing very cheerful in the climate or the town, and yet was
there an air of cheerfulness abroad that the clearest summer air and
brightest summer sun might have endeavoured to diffuse in vain.
For, the people who were shovelling away on the housetops were jovial and
full of glee; calling out to one another from the parapets, and now and then
exchanging a facetious snowball - better-natured missile far than many a
wordy jest - laughing heartily if it went right and not less heartily if it
went wrong. The Poulterers' shops were still half open, and the fruiterers'
were radiant in their glory. There were great, round, pot-bellied baskets of
chestnuts, shaped like the waistcoats of jolly old gentlemen, lolling at the
doors, and tumbling out into the street in their apoplectic opulence. There
were ruddy, brown-faced, broad-girthed Spanish Friars, and winking from
their shelves in wanton slyness at the girls as they went by, and glanced
demurely at the hung-up mistletoe. There were pears and apples, clustered
high in blooming pyramids; there were bunches of grapes, made, in the
shopkeepers' benevolence to dangle from conspicuous hooks, that people's
mouths might water gratis as they passed; there were piles of filberts,
mossy and brown, recalling, in their fragrance, ancient walks among the
woods, and pleasant shufflings ankle deep through withered leaves; there
were Norfolk Biffins, squab and swarthy, setting off the yellow of the
oranges and lemons, and, in the great compactness of their juicy persons,
urgently entreating and beseeching to be carried home in paper bags and
eaten after dinner. The very gold and silver fish, set forth among these
choice fruits in a bowl, though members of a dull and stagnant-blooded race,
appeared to know that there was something going on; and, to a fish, went
gasping round and round their little world in slow and passionless
The Grocers'! oh the Grocers'! Nearly closed, with perhaps two shutters
down, or one; but through those gaps such glimpses. It was not alone that
the scales descending on the counter made a merry sound, or that the twine
and roller parted company so briskly, or that the canisters were rattled up
and down like juggling tricks, or even that the blended scents of tea and
coffee were so grateful to the nose, or even that the raisins were so
plentiful and rare, the almonds so extremely white, the sticks of cinnamon
so long and straight, the other spices so delicious, the candied fruits so
caked and spotted with molten sugar as to make the coldest lookers-on feel
faint and subsequently bilious. Nor was it that the figs were moist and
pulpy, or that the French plums blushed in modest tartness from their
highly-decorated boxes, or that everything was good to eat and in its
Christmas dress; but the customers were all so hurried and so eager in the
hopeful promise of the day, that they tumbled up against each other at the
door, clashing their wicker baskets wildly, and left their purchases upon
the counter, and came running back to fetch them, and committed hundreds of
the like mistakes, in the best humour possible; while the Grocer and his
people were so frank and fresh that the polished hearts with which they
fastened their aprons behind might have been their own, worn outside for
general inspection, and for Christmas daws to peck at if they chose.
But soon the steeples called good people all, to church and chapel, and away
they came, flocking through the streets in their best clothes, and with
their gayest faces. And at the same time there emerged from scores of
bye-streets, lanes, and nameless turnings, innumerable people, carrying
their dinners to the bakers' shops. The sight of these poor revellers
appeared to interest the Spirit very much, for he stood with Scrooge beside
him in a baker's doorway, and taking off the covers as their bearers passed,
sprinkled incense on their dinners from his torch. And it was a very
uncommon kind of torch, for once or twice when there were angry words
between some dinner-carriers who had jostled each other, he shed a few drops
of water on them from it, and their good humour was restored directly. For
they said, it was a shame to quarrel upon Christmas Day. And so it was. God
love it, so it was.
In time the bells ceased, and the bakers were shut up; and yet there was a
genial shadowing forth of all these dinners and the progress of their
cooking, in the thawed blotch of wet above each baker's oven; where the
pavement smoked as if its stones were cooking too.
'Is there a peculiar flavour in what you sprinkle from your torch?' asked
'There is. My own.'
'Would it apply to any kind of dinner on this day?' asked Scrooge.
'To any kindly given. To a poor one most.'
'Why to a poor one most?' asked Scrooge.
'Because it needs it most.'
'Spirit,' said Scrooge, after a moment's thought, 'I wonder you, of all the
beings in the many worlds about us, should desire to cramp these people's
opportunities of innocent enjoyment.'
'I!' cried the Spirit.
'You would deprive them of their means of dining every seventh day, often
the only day on which they can be said to dine at all,' said Scrooge.
'I!' cried the Spirit.
'You seek to close these places on the Seventh Day,' said Scrooge. 'And it
comes to the same thing.'
'I seek!' exclaimed the Spirit.
'Forgive me if I am wrong. It has been done in your name, or at least in
that of your family,' said Scrooge.
'There are some upon this earth of yours,' returned the Spirit, 'who lay
claim to know us, and who do their deeds of passion, pride, ill-will,
hatred, envy, bigotry, and selfishness in our name, who are as strange to us
and all our kith and kin, as if they had never lived. Remember that, and
charge their doings on themselves, not us.'
Scrooge promised that he would; and they went on, invisible, as they had
been before, into the suburbs of the town. It was a remarkable quality of
the Ghost (which Scrooge had observed at the baker's), that notwithstanding
his gigantic size, he could accommodate himself to any place with ease; and
that he stood beneath a low roof quite as gracefully and like a supernatural
creature, as it was possible he could have done in any lofty hall.
And perhaps it was the pleasure the good Spirit had in showing off this
power of his, or else it was his own kind, generous, hearty nature, and his
sympathy with all poor men, that led him straight to Scrooge's clerk's; for
there he went, and took Scrooge with him, holding to his robe; and on the
threshold of the door the Spirit smiled, and stopped to bless Bob Cratchit's
dwelling with the sprinkling of his torch. Think of that. Bob had but
fifteen bob a-week himself; he pocketed on Saturdays but fifteen copies of
his Christian name; and yet the Ghost of Christmas Present blessed his
Then up rose Mrs Cratchit, Cratchit's wife, dressed out but poorly in a
twice-turned gown, but brave in ribbons, which are cheap and make a goodly
show for sixpence; and she laid the cloth, assisted by Belinda Cratchit,
second of her daughters, also brave in ribbons; while Master Peter Cratchit
plunged a fork into the saucepan of potatoes, and getting the corners of his
monstrous shirt collar (Bob's private property, conferred upon his son and
heir in honour of the day) into his mouth, rejoiced to find himself so
gallantly attired, and yearned to show his linen in the fashionable Parks.
And now two smaller Cratchits, boy and girl, came tearing in, screaming that
outside the baker's they had smelt the goose, and known it for their own;
and basking in luxurious thoughts of sage and onion, these young Cratchits
danced about the table, and exalted Master Peter Cratchit to the skies,
while he (not proud, although his collars nearly choked him) blew the fire,
until the slow potatoes bubbling up, knocked loudly at the saucepan-lid to
be let out and peeled.
'What has ever got your precious father then?' said Mrs Cratchit. 'And your
brother, Tiny Tim; And Martha warn't as late last Christmas Day by
'Here's Martha, mother,' said a girl, appearing as she spoke.
'Here's Martha, mother!' cried the two young Cratchits. 'Hurrah! There's
such a goose, Martha!'
'Why, bless your heart alive, my dear, how late you are!' said Mrs Cratchit,
kissing her a dozen times, and taking off her shawl and bonnet for her with
'We'd a deal of work to finish up last night,' replied the girl, 'and had to
clear away this morning, mother.'
'Well. Never mind so long as you are come,' said Mrs Cratchit. 'Sit ye down
before the fire, my dear, and have a warm, Lord bless ye.'
'No, no. There's father coming,' cried the two young Cratchits, who were
everywhere at once. 'Hide, Martha, hide!'
So Martha hid herself, and in came little Bob, the father, with at least
three feet of comforter exclusive of the fringe, hanging down before him;
and his threadbare clothes darned up and brushed, to look seasonable; and
Tiny Tim upon his shoulder. Alas for Tiny Tim, he bore a little crutch, and
had his limbs supported by an iron frame.
'Why, where's our Martha?' cried Bob Cratchit, looking round.
'Not coming,' said Mrs Cratchit.
'Not coming!' said Bob, with a sudden declension in his high spirits; for he
had been Tim's blood horse all the way from church, and had come home
rampant. 'Not coming upon Christmas Day?'
Martha didn't like to see him disappointed, if it were only in joke; so she
came out prematurely from behind the closet door, and ran into his arms,
while the two young Cratchits hustled Tiny Tim, and bore him off into the
wash-house, that he might hear the pudding singing in the copper.
'And how did little Tim behave?' asked Mrs Cratchit, when she had rallied
Bob on his credulity, and Bob had hugged his daughter to his heart's
'As good as gold,' said Bob, 'and better. Somehow he gets thoughtful sitting
by himself so much, and thinks the strangest things you ever heard. He told
me, coming home, that he hoped the people saw him in the church, because he
was a cripple, and it might be pleasant to them to remember upon Christmas
Day, who made lame beggars walk, and blind men see.'
Bob's voice was tremulous when he told them this, and trembled more when he
said that Tiny Tim was growing strong and hearty.
His active little crutch was heard upon the floor, and back came Tiny Tim
before another word was spoken, escorted by his brother and sister to his
stool before the fire; and while Bob, turning up his cuffs - as if, poor
fellow, they were capable of being made more shabby - compounded some hot
mixture in a jug with gin and lemons, and stirred it round and round and put
it on the hob to simmer; Master Peter, and the two ubiquitous young Cratchits went to fetch the goose, with which they soon returned in high
Such a bustle ensued that you might have thought a goose the rarest of all
birds; a feathered phenomenon, to which a black swan was a matter of course
- and in truth it was something very like it in that house. Mrs Cratchit
made the gravy (ready beforehand in a little saucepan) hissing hot; Master
Peter mashed the potatoes with incredible vigour; Miss Belinda sweetened up
the apple-sauce; Martha dusted the hot plates; Bob took Tiny Tim beside him
in a tiny corner at the table; the two young Cratchits set chairs for
everybody, not forgetting themselves, and mounting guard upon their posts,
crammed spoons into their mouths, lest they should shriek for goose before
their turn came to be helped. At last the dishes were set on, and grace was
said. It was succeeded by a breathless pause, as Mrs Cratchit, looking
slowly all along the carving-knife, prepared to plunge it in the breast; but
when she did, and when the long expected gush of stuffing issued forth, one
murmur of delight arose all round the board, and even Tiny Tim, excited by
the two young Cratchits, beat on the table with the handle of his knife, and
feebly cried Hurrah!
There never was such a goose. Bob said he didn't believe there ever was such
a goose cooked. Its tenderness and flavour, size and cheapness, were the
themes of universal admiration. Eked out by apple-sauce and mashed potatoes,
it was a sufficient dinner for the whole family; indeed, as Mrs Cratchit
said with great delight (surveying one small atom of a bone upon the dish),
they hadn't ate it all at last. Yet every one had had enough, and the
youngest Cratchits in particular, were steeped in sage and onion to the
eyebrows. But now, the plates being changed by Miss Belinda, Mrs Cratchit
left the room alone - too nervous to bear witnesses - to take the pudding
up and bring it in.
Suppose it should not be done enough? Suppose it should break in turning
out? Suppose somebody should have got over the wall of the back-yard, and
stolen it, while they were merry with the goose - a supposition at which
the two young Cratchits became livid? All sorts of horrors were supposed.
Hallo! A great deal of steam! The pudding was out of the copper. A smell
like a washing-day. That was the cloth. A smell like an eating-house and a
pastry cook's next door to each other, with a laundress's next door to that.
That was the pudding. In half a minute Mrs Cratchit entered - flushed, but
smiling proudly - with the pudding, like a speckled cannon-ball, so hard
and firm, blazing in half of half-a-quartern of ignited brandy, and bedight
with Christmas holly stuck into the top.
Oh, a wonderful pudding! Bob Cratchit said, and calmly too, that he regarded
it as the greatest success achieved by Mrs Cratchit since their marriage.
Mrs Cratchit said that now the weight was off her mind, she would confess
she had had her doubts about the quantity of flour. Everybody had something
to say about it, but nobody said or thought it was at all a small pudding
for a large family. It would have been flat heresy to do so. Any Cratchit
would have blushed to hint at such a thing.
At last the dinner was all done, the cloth was cleared, the hearth swept,
and the fire made up. The compound in the jug being tasted, and considered
perfect, apples and oranges were put upon the table, and a shovel-full of
chestnuts on the fire. Then all the Cratchit family drew round the hearth,
in what Bob Cratchit called a circle, meaning half a one; and at Bob
Cratchit's elbow stood the family display of glass. Two tumblers, and a
custard-cup without a handle.
These held the hot stuff from the jug, however, as well as golden goblets
would have done; and Bob served it out with beaming looks, while the
chestnuts on the fire sputtered and cracked noisily. Then Bob proposed:
'A Merry Christmas to us all, my dears. God bless us.'
Which all the family re-echoed.
'God bless us every one!' said Tiny Tim, the last of all.
He sat very close to his father's side upon his little stool. Bob held his
withered little hand in his, as if he loved the child, and wished to keep
him by his side, and dreaded that he might be taken from him.
'Spirit,' said Scrooge, with an interest he had never felt before,'tell me
if Tiny Tim will live.'
'I see a vacant seat,' replied the Ghost, 'in the poor chimney-corner, and a
crutch without an owner, carefully preserved. If these shadows remain
unaltered by the Future, the child will die.'
'No, no,' said Scrooge. 'Oh, no, kind Spirit. Say he will be spared.'
'If these shadows remain unaltered by the Future, none other of my race,'
returned the Ghost, 'will find him here. What then? If he be like to die, he
had better do it, and decrease the surplus population.'
Scrooge hung his head to hear his own words quoted by the Spirit, and was
overcome with penitence and grief.
'Man,' said the Ghost, 'if man you be in heart, not adamant, forbear that
wicked cant until you have discovered What the surplus is, and Where it is.
Will you decide what men shall live, what men shall die? It may be, that in
the sight of Heaven, you are more worthless and less fit to live than
millions like this poor man's child. Oh God! To hear the Insect on the leaf
pronouncing on the too much life among his hungry brothers in the dust.'
Scrooge bent before the Ghost's rebuke, and trembling cast his eyes upon the
ground. But he raised them speedily, on hearing his own name.
'Mr Scrooge!' said Bob; 'I'll give you Mr Scrooge, the Founder of the
'The Founder of the Feast indeed!' cried Mrs Cratchit, reddening. 'I wish I
had him here. I'd give him a piece of my mind to feast upon, and I hope he'd
have a good appetite for it.'
'My dear,' said Bob, 'the children. Christmas Day.'
'It should be Christmas Day, I am sure,' said she, 'on which one drinks the
health of such an odious, stingy, hard, unfeeling man as Mr Scrooge. You
know he is, Robert. Nobody knows it better than you do, poor fellow.'
'My dear,' was Bob's mild answer, 'Christmas Day.'
'I'll drink his health for your sake and the Day's,' said Mrs Cratchit, 'not
for his. Long life to him. A merry Christmas and a happy new year! - he'll
be very merry and very happy, I have no doubt!'
The children drank the toast after her. It was the first of their
proceedings which had no heartiness. Tiny Tim drank it last of all, but he
didn't care twopence for it. Scrooge was the Ogre of the family. The mention
of his name cast a dark shadow on the party, which was not dispelled for
full five minutes.
After it had passed away, they were ten times merrier than before, from the
mere relief of Scrooge the Baleful being done with. Bob Cratchit told them
how he had a situation in his eye for Master Peter, which would bring in, if
obtained, full five-and-sixpence weekly. The two young Cratchits laughed
tremendously at the idea of Peter's being a man of business; and Peter
himself looked thoughtfully at the fire from between his collars, as if he
were deliberating what particular investments he should favour when he came
into the receipt of that bewildering income. Martha, who was a poor
apprentice at a milliner's, then told them what kind of work she had to do,
and how many hours she worked at a stretch, and how she meant to lie abed
to-morrow morning for a good long rest; to-morrow being a holiday she passed
at home. Also how she had seen a countess and a lord some days before, and
how the lord was much about as tall as Peter; at which Peter pulled up his
collars so high that you couldn't have seen his head if you had been there.
All this time the chestnuts and the jug went round and round; and by-and-bye
they had a song, about a lost child travelling in the snow, from Tiny Tim,
who had a plaintive little voice, and sang it very well indeed.
There was nothing of high mark in this. They were not a handsome family;
they were not well dressed; their shoes were far from being water-proof;
their clothes were scanty; and Peter might have known, and very likely did,
the inside of a pawnbroker's. But, they were happy, grateful, pleased with
one another, and contented with the time; and when they faded, and looked
happier yet in the bright sprinklings of the Spirit's torch at parting,
Scrooge had his eye upon them, and especially on Tiny Tim, until the last.
By this time it was getting dark, and snowing pretty heavily; and as Scrooge
and the Spirit went along the streets, the brightness of the roaring fires
in kitchens, parlours, and all sorts of rooms, was wonderful. Here, the
flickering of the blaze showed preparations for a cosy dinner, with hot
plates baking through and through before the fire, and deep red curtains,
ready to be drawn to shut out cold and darkness. There all the children of
the house were running out into the snow to meet their married sisters,
brothers, cousins, uncles, aunts, and be the first to greet them. Here,
again, were shadows on the window-blind of guests assembling; and there a
group of handsome girls, all hooded and fur-booted, and all chattering at
once, tripped lightly off to some near neighbour's house; where, woe upon
the single man who saw them enter - artful witches, well they knew it - in
But, if you had judged from the numbers of people on their way to friendly
gatherings, you might have thought that no one was at home to give them
welcome when they got there, instead of every house expecting company, and
piling up its fires half-chimney high. Blessings on it, how the Ghost
exulted. How it bared its breadth of breast, and opened its capacious palm,
and floated on, outpouring, with a generous hand, its bright and harmless
mirth on everything within its reach. The very lamplighter, who ran on
before dotting the dusky street with specks of light, and who was dressed to
spend the evening somewhere, laughed out loudly as the Spirit passed, though
little kenned the lamplighter that he had any company but Christmas.
And now, without a word of warning from the Ghost, they stood upon a bleak
and desert moor, where monstrous masses of rude stone were cast about, as
though it were the burial-place of giants; and water spread itself
wheresoever it listed - or would have done so, but for the frost that held
it prisoner; and nothing grew but moss and furze, and coarse rank grass.
Down in the west the setting sun had left a streak of fiery red, which
glared upon the desolation for an instant, like a sullen eye, and frowning
lower, lower, lower yet, was lost in the thick gloom of darkest night.
'What place is this?' asked Scrooge.
'A place where Miners live, who labour in the bowels of the earth,' returned
the Spirit. 'But they know me. See.'
A light shone from the window of a hut, and swiftly they advanced towards
it. Passing through the wall of mud and stone, they found a cheerful company
assembled round a glowing fire. An old, old man and woman, with their
children and their children's children, and another generation beyond that,
all decked out gaily in their holiday attire. The old man, in a voice that
seldom rose above the howling of the wind upon the barren waste, was singing
them a Christmas song - it had been a very old song when he was a boy -
and from time to time they all joined in the chorus. So surely as they
raised their voices, the old man got quite blithe and loud; and so surely as
they stopped, his vigour sank again.
The Spirit did not tarry here, but bade Scrooge hold his robe, and passing
on above the moor, sped - whither. Not to sea? To sea. To Scrooge's horror,
looking back, he saw the last of the land, a frightful range of rocks,
behind them; and his ears were deafened by the thundering of water, as it
rolled and roared, and raged among the dreadful caverns it had worn, and
fiercely tried to undermine the earth.
Built upon a dismal reef of sunken rocks, some league or so from shore, on
which the waters chafed and dashed, the wild year through, there stood a
solitary lighthouse. Great heaps of sea-weed clung to its base, and
storm-birds - born of the wind one might suppose, as sea-weed of the water
- rose and fell about it, like the waves they skimmed.
But even here, two men who watched the light had made a fire, that through
the loophole in the thick stone wall shed out a ray of brightness on the
awful sea. Joining their horny hands over the rough table at which they sat,
they wished each other Merry Christmas in their can of grog; and one of
them: the elder, too, with his face all damaged and scarred with hard
weather, as the figure-head of an old ship might be: struck up a sturdy song
that was like a Gale in itself.
Again the Ghost sped on, above the black and heaving sea
- on, on - until,
being far away, as he told Scrooge, from any shore, they lighted on a ship.
They stood beside the helmsman at the wheel, the look-out in the bow, the
officers who had the watch; dark, ghostly figures in their several stations;
but every man among them hummed a Christmas tune, or had a Christmas
thought, or spoke below his breath to his companion of some bygone Christmas
Day, with homeward hopes belonging to it. And every man on board, waking or
sleeping, good or bad, had had a kinder word for another on that day than on
any day in the year; and had shared to some extent in its festivities; and
had remembered those he cared for at a distance, and had known that they
delighted to remember him.
It was a great surprise to Scrooge, while listening to the moaning of the
wind, and thinking what a solemn thing it was to move on through the lonely
darkness over an unknown abyss, whose depths were secrets as profound as
Death: it was a great surprise to Scrooge, while thus engaged, to hear a
hearty laugh. It was a much greater surprise to Scrooge to recognise it as
his own nephew's and to find himself in a bright, dry, gleaming room, with
the Spirit standing smiling by his side, and looking at that same nephew
with approving affability.
'Ha, ha!' laughed Scrooge's nephew. 'Ha, ha, ha!'
If you should happen, by any unlikely chance, to know a man more blest in a
laugh than Scrooge's nephew, all I can say is, I should like to know him
too. Introduce him to me, and I'll cultivate his acquaintance.
It is a fair, even-handed, noble adjustment of things, that while there is
infection in disease and sorrow, there is nothing in the world so
irresistibly contagious as laughter and good-humour. When Scrooge's nephew
laughed in this way: holding his sides, rolling his head, and twisting his
face into the most extravagant contortions: Scrooge's niece, by marriage,
laughed as heartily as he. And their assembled friends being not a bit
behindhand, roared out lustily.
'Ha, ha! Ha, ha, ha, ha!'
'He said that Christmas was a humbug, as I live!' cried Scrooge's nephew.
'He believed it too.'
'More shame for him, Fred.' said Scrooge's niece, indignantly. Bless those
women; they never do anything by halves. They are always in earnest.
She was very pretty: exceedingly pretty. With a dimpled, surprised-looking,
capital face; a ripe little mouth, that seemed made to be kissed - as no
doubt it was; all kinds of good little dots about her chin, that melted into
one another when she laughed; and the sunniest pair of eyes you ever saw in
any little creature's head. Altogether she was what you would have called
provoking, you know; but satisfactory, too. Oh perfectly satisfactory!
'He's a comical old fellow,' said Scrooge's nephew, 'that's the truth: and
not so pleasant as he might be. However, his offenses carry their own
punishment, and I have nothing to say against him.'
'I'm sure he is very rich, Fred,' hinted Scrooge's niece. 'At least you
always tell me so.'
'What of that, my dear?' said Scrooge's nephew. 'His wealth is of no use to
him. He don't do any good with it. He don't make himself comfortable with
it. He hasn't the satisfaction of thinking - ha, ha, ha! - that he is ever
going to benefit us with it.'
'I have no patience with him,' observed Scrooge's niece. Scrooge's niece's
sisters, and all the other ladies, expressed the same opinion.
'Oh, I have,' said Scrooge's nephew. 'I am sorry for him; I couldn't be
angry with him if I tried. Who suffers by his ill whims? Himself, always.
Here, he takes it into his head to dislike us, and he won't come and dine
with us. What's the consequence? He don't lose much of a dinner.'
'Indeed, I think he loses a very good dinner,' interrupted Scrooge's niece.
Everybody else said the same, and they must be allowed to have been
competent judges, because they had just had dinner; and, with the dessert
upon the table, were clustered round the fire, by lamplight.
'Well. I'm very glad to hear it,' said Scrooge's nephew, 'because I haven't
great faith in these young housekeepers. What do you say, Topper?'
Topper had clearly got his eye upon one of Scrooge's niece's sisters, for he
answered that a bachelor was a wretched outcast, who had no right to express
an opinion on the subject. Whereat Scrooge's niece's sister - the plump one
with the lace tucker: not the one with the roses - blushed.
'Do go on, Fred,' said Scrooge's niece, clapping her hands. 'He never
finishes what he begins to say. He is such a ridiculous fellow.'
Scrooge's nephew revelled in another laugh, and as it was impossible to keep
the infection off; though the plump sister tried hard to do it with aromatic
vinegar; his example was unanimously followed.
'I was only going to say,' said Scrooge's nephew,' that the consequence of
his taking a dislike to us, and not making merry with us, is, as I think,
that he loses some pleasant moments, which could do him no harm. I am sure
he loses pleasanter companions than he can find in his own thoughts, either
in his mouldy old office, or his dusty chambers. I mean to give him the same
chance every year, whether he likes it or not, for I pity him. He may rail
at Christmas till he dies, but he can't help thinking better of it - I defy
him - if he finds me going there, in good temper, year after year, and
saying Uncle Scrooge, how are you. If it only puts him in the vein to leave
his poor clerk fifty pounds, that's something; and I think I shook him
It was their turn to laugh now at the notion of his shaking Scrooge. But
being thoroughly good-natured, and not much caring what they laughed at, so
that they laughed at any rate, he encouraged them in their merriment, and
passed the bottle joyously.
After tea they had some music. For they were a musical family, and knew what
they were about, when they sung a Glee or Catch, I can assure you:
especially Topper, who could growl away in the bass like a good one, and
never swell the large veins in his forehead, or get red in the face over it.
Scrooge's niece played well upon the harp; and played among other tunes a
simple little air (a mere nothing: you might learn to whistle it in two
minutes), which had been familiar to the child who fetched Scrooge from the
boarding-school, as he had been reminded by the Ghost of Christmas Past.
When this strain of music sounded, all the things that Ghost had shown him,
came upon his mind; he softened more and more; and thought that if he could
have listened to it often, years ago, he might have cultivated the
kindnesses of life for his own happiness with his own hands, without
resorting to the sexton's spade that buried Jacob Marley.
But they didn't devote the whole evening to music. After a while they played
at forfeits; for it is good to be children sometimes, and never better than
at Christmas, when its mighty Founder was a child himself. Stop. There was
first a game at blind-man's buff. Of course there was. And I no more believe
Topper was really blind than I believe he had eyes in his boots. My opinion
is, that it was a done thing between him and Scrooge's nephew; and that the
Ghost of Christmas Present knew it. The way he went after that plump sister
in the lace tucker, was an outrage on the credulity of human nature.
Knocking down the fire-irons, tumbling over the chairs, bumping against the
piano, smothering himself among the curtains, wherever she went, there went
he. He always knew where the plump sister was. He wouldn't catch anybody
else. If you had fallen up against him (as some of them did), on purpose, he
would have made a feint of endeavouring to seize you, which would have been
an affront to your understanding, and would instantly have sidled off in the
direction of the plump sister. She often cried out that it wasn't fair; and
it really was not. But when at last, he caught her; when, in spite of all
her silken rustlings, and her rapid flutterings past him, he got her into a
corner whence there was no escape; then his conduct was the most execrable.
For his pretending not to know her; his pretending that it was necessary to
touch her head-dress, and further to assure himself of her identity by
pressing a certain ring upon her finger, and a certain chain about her neck;
was vile, monstrous. No doubt she told him her opinion of it, when, another
blind-man being in office, they were so very confidential together, behind
Scrooge's niece was not one of the blind-man's buff party, but was made
comfortable with a large chair and a footstool, in a snug corner, where the
Ghost and Scrooge were close behind her. But she joined in the forfeits, and
loved her love to admiration with all the letters of the alphabet. Likewise
at the game of How, When, and Where, she was very great, and to the secret
joy of Scrooge's nephew, beat her sisters hollow: though they were sharp
girls too, as could have told you. There might have been twenty people
there, young and old, but they all played, and so did Scrooge, for, wholly
forgetting the interest he had in what was going on, that his voice made no
sound in their ears, he sometimes came out with his guess quite loud, and
very often guessed quite right, too; for the sharpest needle, best
Whitechapel, warranted not to cut in the eye, was not sharper than Scrooge;
blunt as he took it in his head to be.
The Ghost was greatly pleased to find him in this mood, and looked upon him
with such favour, that he begged like a boy to be allowed to stay until the
guests departed. But this the Spirit said could not be done.
'Here's a new game,' said Scrooge. 'One half hour, Spirit, only one.'
It was a Game called Yes and No, where Scrooge's nephew had to think of
something, and the rest must find out what; he only answering to their
questions yes or no, as the case was. The brisk fire of questioning to which
he was exposed, elicited from him that he was thinking of an animal, a live
animal, rather a disagreeable animal, a savage animal, an animal that
growled and grunted sometimes, and talked sometimes, and lived in London,
and walked about the streets, and wasn't made a show of, and wasn't led by
anybody, and didn't live in a menagerie, and was never killed in a market,
and was not a horse, or an ass, or a cow, or a bull, or a tiger, or a dog,
or a pig, or a cat, or a bear. At every fresh question that was put to him,
this nephew burst into a fresh roar of laughter; and was so inexpressibly
tickled, that he was obliged to get up off the sofa and stamp. At last the
plump sister, falling into a similar state, cried out:
'I have found it out! I know what it is, Fred! I know what it is!'
'What is it?' cried Fred.
'It's your Uncle Scrooge!'
Which it certainly was. Admiration was the universal sentiment, though some
objected that the reply to 'Is it a bear?' ought to have been 'Yes,'
inasmuch as an answer in the negative was sufficient to have diverted their
thoughts from Mr Scrooge, supposing they had ever had any tendency that way.
'He has given us plenty of merriment, I am sure,' said Fred, 'and it would
be ungrateful not to drink his health. Here is a glass of mulled wine ready
to our hand at the moment; and I say, ' 'Uncle Scrooge!' '
'Well! Uncle Scrooge!' they cried.
'A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year to the old man, whatever he is,'
said Scrooge's nephew. 'He wouldn't take it from me, but may he have it,
nevertheless. Uncle Scrooge!'
Uncle Scrooge had imperceptibly become so gay and light of heart, that he
would have pledged the unconscious company in return, and thanked them in an
inaudible speech, if the Ghost had given him time. But the whole scene
passed off in the breath of the last word spoken by his nephew; and he and
the Spirit were again upon their travels.
Much they saw, and far they went, and many homes they visited, but always
with a happy end. The Spirit stood beside sick beds, and they were cheerful;
on foreign lands, and they were close at home; by struggling men, and they
were patient in their greater hope; by poverty, and it was rich. In
almshouse, hospital, and jail, in misery's every refuge, where vain man in
his little brief authority had not made fast the door and barred the Spirit
out, he left his blessing, and taught Scrooge his precepts.
It was a long night, if it were only a night; but Scrooge had his doubts of
this, because the Christmas Holidays appeared to be condensed into the space
of time they passed together. It was strange, too, that while Scrooge
remained unaltered in his outward form, the Ghost grew older, clearly older.
Scrooge had observed this change, but never spoke of it, until they left a
children's Twelfth Night party, when, looking at the Spirit as they stood
together in an open place, he noticed that its hair was grey.
'Are spirits' lives so short?' asked Scrooge.
'My life upon this globe, is very brief,' replied the Ghost. 'It ends
'To-night!' cried Scrooge.
'To-night at midnight. Hark! The time is drawing near.'
The chimes were ringing the three quarters past eleven at that moment.
'Forgive me if I am not justified in what I ask,' said Scrooge, looking
intently at the Spirit's robe, 'but I see something strange, and not
belonging to yourself, protruding from your skirts. Is it a foot or a claw?'
'It might be a claw, for the flesh there is upon it,' was the Spirit's
sorrowful reply. 'Look here.'
From the foldings of its robe, it brought two children; wretched, abject,
frightful, hideous, miserable. They knelt down at its feet, and clung upon
the outside of its garment.
'Oh, Man, look here! Look, look, down here!' exclaimed the Ghost.
They were a boy and a girl. Yellow, meagre, ragged, scowling, wolfish; but
prostrate, too, in their humility. Where graceful youth should have filled
their features out, and touched them with its freshest tints, a stale and
shrivelled hand, like that of age, had pinched, and twisted them, and pulled
them into shreds. Where angels might have sat enthroned, devils lurked, and
glared out menacing. No change, no degradation, no perversion of humanity,
in any grade, through all the mysteries of wonderful creation, has monsters
half so horrible and dread.
Scrooge started back, appalled. Having them shown to him in this way, he
tried to say they were fine children, but the words choked themselves,
rather than be parties to a lie of such enormous magnitude.
'Spirit, are they yours?' Scrooge could say no more.
'They are Man's,' said the Spirit, looking down upon them. 'And they cling
to me, appealing from their fathers. This boy is Ignorance. This girl is
Want. Beware them both, and all of their degree, but most of all beware this
boy, for on his brow I see that written which is Doom, unless the writing be
erased. Deny it!' cried the Spirit, stretching out its hand towards the
city. 'Slander those who tell it ye. Admit it for your factious purposes,
and make it worse. And abide the end.'
'Have they no refuge or resource?' cried Scrooge.
'Are there no prisons?' said the Spirit, turning on him for the last time
with his own words. 'Are there no workhouses?'
The bell struck twelve.
Scrooge looked about him for the Ghost, and saw it not. As the last stroke
ceased to vibrate, he remembered the prediction of old Jacob Marley, and
lifting up his eyes, beheld a solemn Phantom, draped and hooded, coming,
like a mist along the ground, towards him.
A CHRISTMAS CAROL by Charles Dickens
The Last of the Spirits
The Phantom slowly, gravely, silently approached. When it came, Scrooge bent
down upon his knee; for in the very air through which this Spirit moved it
seemed to scatter gloom and mystery.
It was shrouded in a deep black garment, which concealed its head, its face,
its form, and left nothing of it visible save one outstretched hand. But for
this it would have been difficult to detach its figure from the night, and
separate it from the darkness by which it was surrounded.
He felt that it was tall and stately when it came beside him, and that its
mysterious presence filled him with a solemn dread. He knew no more, for the
Spirit neither spoke nor moved.
'I am in the presence of the Ghost of Christmas Yet To Come?' said Scrooge.
The Spirit answered not, but pointed downward with its hand.
'You are about to show me shadows of the things that have not happened, but
will happen in the time before us,' Scrooge pursued. 'Is that so, Spirit?'
The upper portion of the garment was contracted for an instant in its folds,
as if the Spirit had inclined its head. That was the only answer he
Although well used to ghostly company by this time, Scrooge feared the
silent shape so much that his legs trembled beneath him, and he found that
he could hardly stand when he prepared to follow it. The Spirit pauses a
moment, as observing his condition, and giving him time to recover.
But Scrooge was all the worse for this. It thrilled him with a vague
uncertain horror, to know that behind the dusky shroud there were ghostly
eyes intently fixed upon him, while he, though he stretched his own to the
utmost, could see nothing but a spectral hand and one great heap of black.
'Ghost of the Future!' he exclaimed, 'I fear you more than any spectre I
have seen. But as I know your purpose is to do me good, and as I hope to
live to be another man from what I was, I am prepared to bear you company,
and do it with a thankful heart. Will you not speak to me?'
It gave him no reply. The hand was pointed straight before them.
'Lead on,' said Scrooge. 'Lead on. The night is waning fast, and it is
precious time to me, I know. Lead on, Spirit.'
The Phantom moved away as it had come towards him. Scrooge followed in the
shadow of its dress, which bore him up, he thought, and carried him along.
They scarcely seemed to enter the city; for the city rather seemed to spring
up about them, and encompass them of its own act. But there they were, in
the heart of it; on Change, amongst the merchants; who hurried up and down,
and chinked the money in their pockets, and conversed in groups, and looked
at their watches, and trifled thoughtfully with their great gold seals; and
so forth, as Scrooge had seen them often.
The Spirit stopped beside one little knot of business men. Observing that
the hand was pointed to them, Scrooge advanced to listen to their talk.
'No,' said a great fat man with a monstrous chin,' I don't know much about
it, either way. I only know he's dead.'
'When did he die?' inquired another.
'Last night, I believe.'
'Why, what was the matter with him?' asked a third, taking a vast quantity
of snuff out of a very large snuff-box. 'I thought he'd never die.'
'God knows,' said the first, with a yawn.
'What has he done with his money?' asked a red-faced gentleman with a
pendulous excrescence on the end of his nose, that shook like the gills of a
'I haven't heard,' said the man with the large chin, yawning again. 'Left it
to his company, perhaps. He hasn't left it to me. That's all I know.'
This pleasantry was received with a general laugh.
'It's likely to be a very cheap funeral,' said the same speaker; 'for upon
my life I don't know of anybody to go to it. Suppose we make up a party and
'I don't mind going if a lunch is provided,' observed the gentleman with the
excrescence on his nose. 'But I must be fed, if I make one.'
'Well, I am the most disinterested among you, after all,' said the first
speaker,' for I never wear black gloves, and I never eat lunch. But I'll
offer to go, if anybody else will. When I come to think of it, I'm not at
all sure that I wasn't his most particular friend; for we used to stop and
speak whenever we met. Bye, bye.'
Speakers and listeners strolled away, and mixed with other groups. Scrooge
knew the men, and looked towards the Spirit for an explanation.
The Phantom glided on into a street. Its finger pointed to two persons
meeting. Scrooge listened again, thinking that the explanation might lie
He knew these men, also, perfectly. They were men of aye business: very
wealthy, and of great importance. He had made a point always of standing
well in their esteem: in a business point of view, that is; strictly in a
business point of view.
'How are you?' said one.
'How are you?' returned the other.
'Well!' said the first. 'Old Scratch has got his own at last, hey.'
'So I am told,' returned the second. 'Cold, isn't it.'
'Seasonable for Christmas time. You're not a skater, I suppose?'
'No. No. Something else to think of. Good morning.'
Not another word. That was their meeting, their conversation, and their
Scrooge was at first inclined to be surprised that the Spirit should attach
importance to conversations apparently so trivial; but feeling assured that
they must have some hidden purpose, he set himself to consider what it was
likely to be. They could scarcely be supposed to have any bearing on the
death of Jacob, his old partner, for that was Past, and this Ghost's
province was the Future. Nor could he think of any one immediately connected
with himself, to whom he could apply them. But nothing doubting that to
whomsoever they applied they had some latent moral for his own improvement,
he resolved to treasure up every word he heard, and everything he saw; and
especially to observe the shadow of himself when it appeared. For he had an
expectation that the conduct of his future self would give him the clue he
missed, and would render the solution of these riddles easy.
He looked about in that very place for his own image; but another man stood
in his accustomed corner, and though the clock pointed to his usual time of
day for being there, he saw no likeness of himself among the multitudes that
poured in through the Porch. It gave him little surprise, however; for he
had been revolving in his mind a change of life, and thought and hoped he
saw his new-born resolutions carried out in this.
Quiet and dark, beside him stood the Phantom, with its outstretched hand.
When he roused himself from his thoughtful quest, he fancied from the turn
of the hand, and its situation in reference to himself, that the Unseen Eyes
were looking at him keenly. It made him shudder, and feel very cold.
They left the busy scene, and went into an obscure part of the town, where
Scrooge had never penetrated before, although he recognised its situation,
and its bad repute. The ways were foul and narrow; the shops and houses
wretched; the people half-naked, drunken, slipshod, ugly. Alleys and
archways, like so many cesspools, disgorged their offenses of smell, and
dirt, and life, upon the straggling streets; and the whole quarter reeked
with crime, with filth, and misery.
Far in this den of infamous resort, there was a low-browed, beetling shop,
below a pent-house roof, where iron, old rags, bottles, bones, and greasy
offal, were bought. Upon the floor within, were piled up heaps of rusty
keys, nails, chains, hinges, files, scales, weights, and refuse iron of all
kinds. Secrets that few would like to scrutinise were bred and hidden in
mountains of unseemly rags, masses of corrupted fat, and sepulchres of
bones. Sitting in among the wares he dealt in, by a charcoal stove, made of
old bricks, was a grey-haired rascal, nearly seventy years of age; who had
screened himself from the cold air without, by a frowsy curtaining of
miscellaneous tatters, hung upon a line; and smoked his pipe in all the
luxury of calm retirement.
Scrooge and the Phantom came into the presence of this man, just as a woman
with a heavy bundle slunk into the shop. But she had scarcely entered, when
another woman, similarly laden, came in too; and she was closely followed by
a man in faded black, who was no less startled by the sight of them, than
they had been upon the recognition of each other. After a short period of
blank astonishment, in which the old man with the pipe had joined them, they
all three burst into a laugh.
'Let the charwoman alone to be the first!' cried she who had entered first.
'Let the laundress alone to be the second; and let the undertaker's man
alone to be the third. Look here, old Joe, here's a chance. If we haven't
all three met here without meaning it!'
'You couldn't have met in a better place,' said old Joe, removing his pipe
from his mouth. 'Come into the parlour. You were made free of it long ago,
you know; and the other two an't strangers. Stop till I shut the door of the
shop. Ah. How it skreeks. There an't such a rusty bit of metal in the place
as its own hinges, I believe; and I'm sure there's no such old bones here,
as mine. Ha, ha! We're all suitable to our calling, we're well matched. Come
into the parlour. Come into the parlour.'
The parlour was the space behind the screen of rags. The old man raked the
fire together with an old stair-rod, and having trimmed his smoky lamp (for
it was night), with the stem of his pipe, put it in his mouth again.
While he did this, the woman who had already spoken threw her bundle on the
floor, and sat down in a flaunting manner on a stool; crossing her elbows on
her knees, and looking with a bold defiance at the other two.
'What odds then. What odds, Mrs Dilber.' said the woman. 'Every person has a
right to take care of themselves. He always did.'
'That's true, indeed,' said the laundress. 'No man more so.'
'Why then, don't stand staring as if you was afraid, woman; who's the wiser?
We're not going to pick holes in each other's coats, I suppose?'
'No, indeed,' said Mrs Dilber and the man together. 'We should hope not.'
'Very well, then!' cried the woman. 'That's enough. Who's the worse for the
loss of a few things like these? Not a dead man, I suppose.'
'No, indeed,' said Mrs Dilber, laughing.
'If he wanted to keep them after he was dead, a wicked old screw,' pursued
the woman, 'why wasn't he natural in his lifetime? If he had been, he'd have
had somebody to look after him when he was struck with Death, instead of
lying gasping out his last there, alone by himself.'
'It's the truest word that ever was spoke,' said Mrs Dilber. 'It's a
judgment on him.'
'I wish it was a little heavier judgment,' replied the woman; 'and it should
have been, you may depend upon it, if I could have laid my hands on anything
else. Open that bundle, old Joe, and let me know the value of it. Speak out
plain. I'm not afraid to be the first, nor afraid for them to see it. We
know pretty well that we were helping ourselves, before we met here, I
believe. It's no sin. Open the bundle, Joe.'
But the gallantry of her friends would not allow of this; and the man in
faded black, mounting the breach first, produced his plunder. It was not
extensive. A seal or two, a pencil-case, a pair of sleeve-buttons, and a
brooch of no great value, were all. They were severally examined and
appraised by old Joe, who chalked the sums he was disposed to give for each
upon the wall, and added them up into a total when he found there was
nothing more to come.
'That's your account,' said Joe, 'and I wouldn't give another sixpence, if I
was to be boiled for not doing it. Who's next?'
Mrs Dilber was next. Sheets and towels, a little wearing apparel, two
old-fashioned silver teaspoons, a pair of sugar-tongs, and a few boots. Her
account was stated on the wall in the same manner.
'I always give too much to ladies. It's a weakness of mine, and that's the
way I ruin myself,' said old Joe. 'That's your account. If you asked me for
another penny, and made it an open question, I'd repent of being so liberal
and knock off half-a-crown.'
'And now undo my bundle, Joe,' said the first woman.
Joe went down on his knees for the greater convenience of opening it, and
having unfastened a great many knots, dragged out a large and heavy roll of
some dark stuff.
'What do you call this?' said Joe. 'Bed-curtains?'
'Ah!' returned the woman, laughing and leaning forward on her crossed arms.
'You don't mean to say you took them down, rings and all, with him lying
there?' said Joe.
'Yes I do,' replied the woman. 'Why not?'
'You were born to make your fortune,' said Joe,' and you'll certainly do
'I certainly shan't hold my hand, when I can get anything in it by reaching
it out, for the sake of such a man as he was, I promise you, Joe,' returned
the woman coolly. 'Don't drop that oil upon the blankets, now.'
'His blankets?' asked Joe.
'Whose else's do you think?' replied the woman. 'He isn't likely to take
cold without them, I dare say.'
'I hope he didn't die of any thing catching. Eh?' said old Joe, stopping in
his work, and looking up.
'Don't you be afraid of that,' returned the woman. 'I an't so fond of his
company that I'd loiter about him for such things, if he did. Ah. you may
look through that shirt till your eyes ache; but you won't find a hole in
it, nor a threadbare place. It's the best he had, and a fine one too. They'd
have wasted it, if it hadn't been for me.'
'What do you call wasting of it?' asked old Joe.
'Putting it on him to be buried in, to be sure,' replied the woman with a
laugh. 'Somebody was fool enough to do it, but I took it off again. If
calico an't good enough for such a purpose, it isn't good enough for
anything. It's quite as becoming to the body. He can't look uglier than he
did in that one.'
Scrooge listened to this dialogue in horror. As they sat grouped about their
spoil, in the scanty light afforded by the old man's lamp, he viewed them
with a detestation and disgust, which could hardly have been greater, though
they demons, marketing the corpse itself.
'Ha, ha!' laughed the same woman, when old Joe, producing a flannel bag with
money in it, told out their several gains upon the ground. 'This is the end
of it, you see. He frightened every one away from him when he was alive, to
profit us when he was dead. Ha, ha, ha!'
'Spirit,' said Scrooge, shuddering from head to foot. 'I see, I see. The
case of this unhappy man might be my own. My life tends that way, now.
Merciful Heaven, what is this?'
He recoiled in terror, for the scene had changed, and now he almost touched
a bed: a bare, uncurtained bed: on which, beneath a ragged sheet, there lay
a something covered up, which, though it was dumb, announced itself in awful
The room was very dark, too dark to be observed with any accuracy, though
Scrooge glanced round it in obedience to a secret impulse, anxious to know
what kind of room it was. A pale light, rising in the outer air, fell
straight upon the bed; and on it, plundered and bereft, unwatched, unwept,
uncared for, was the body of this man.
Scrooge glanced towards the Phantom. Its steady hand was pointed to the
head. The cover was so carelessly adjusted that the slightest raising of it,
the motion of a finger upon Scrooge's part, would have disclosed the face.
He thought of it, felt how easy it would be to do, and longed to do it; but
had no more power to withdraw the veil than to dismiss the spectre at his
Oh cold, cold, rigid, dreadful Death, set up thine altar here, and dress it
with such terrors as thou hast at thy command: for this is thy dominion. But
of the loved, revered, and honoured head, thou canst not turn one hair to
thy dread purposes, or make one feature odious. It is not that the hand is
heavy and will fall down when released; it is not that the heart and pulse
are still; but that the hand was open, generous, and true; the heart brave,
warm, and tender; and the pulse a man's. Strike, Shadow, strike. And see his
good deeds springing from the wound, to sow the world with life immortal!
No voice pronounced these words in Scrooge's ears, and yet he heard them
when he looked upon the bed. He thought, if this man could be raised up now,
what would be his foremost thoughts. Avarice, hard-dealing, griping cares.
They have brought him to a rich end, truly.
He lay, in the dark empty house, with not a man, a woman, or a child, to say
that he was kind to me in this or that, and for the memory of one kind word
I will be kind to him. A cat was tearing at the door, and there was a sound
of gnawing rats beneath the hearth-stone. What they wanted in the room of
death, and why they were so restless and disturbed, Scrooge did not dare to
'Spirit,' he said, 'this is a fearful place. In leaving it, I shall not
leave its lesson, trust me. Let us go.'
Still the Ghost pointed with an unmoved finger to the head.
'I understand you,' Scrooge returned, 'and I would do it, if I could. But I
have not the power, Spirit. I have not the power.'
Again it seemed to look upon him.
'If there is any person in the town, who feels emotion caused by this man's
death,' said Scrooge quite agonised, 'show that person to me, Spirit, I
The Phantom spread its dark robe before him for a moment, like a wing; and
withdrawing it, revealed a room by daylight, where a mother and her children
She was expecting some one, and with anxious eagerness; for she walked up
and down the room; started at every sound; looked out from the window;
glanced at the clock; tried, but in vain, to work with her needle; and could
hardly bear the voices of the children in their play.
At length the long-expected knock was heard. She hurried to the door, and
met her husband; a man whose face was careworn and depressed, though he was
young. There was a remarkable expression in it now; a kind of serious
delight of which he felt ashamed, and which he struggled to repress.
He sat down to the dinner that had been boarding for him by the fire; and
when she asked him faintly what news (which was not until after a long
silence), he appeared embarrassed how to answer.
'Is it good.' she said, 'or bad?'
- to help him.
'Bad,' he answered.
'We are quite ruined.'
'No. There is hope yet, Caroline.'
'If he relents,' she said, amazed, 'there is. Nothing is past hope, if such
a miracle has happened.'
'He is past relenting,' said her husband. 'He is dead.'
She was a mild and patient creature if her face spoke truth; but she was
thankful in her soul to hear it, and she said so, with clasped hands. She
prayed forgiveness the next moment, and was sorry; but the first was the
emotion of her heart.
'What the half-drunken woman whom I told you of last night, said to me, when
I tried to see him and obtain a week's delay; and what I thought was a mere
excuse to avoid me; turns out to have been quite true. He was not only very
ill, but dying, then.'
'To whom will our debt be transferred?'
'I don't know. But before that time we shall be ready with the money; and
even though we were not, it would be a bad fortune indeed to find so
merciless a creditor in his successor. We may sleep to-night with light
Yes. Soften it as they would, their hearts were lighter. The children's
faces hushed, and clustered round to hear what they so little understood,
were brighter; and it was a happier house for this man's death. The only
emotion that the Ghost could show him, caused by the event, was one of
'Let me see some tenderness connected with a death,' said Scrooge; 'or that
dark chamber, Spirit, which we left just now, will be for ever present to
The Ghost conducted him through several streets familiar to his feet; and as
they went along, Scrooge looked here and there to find himself, but nowhere
was he to be seen. They entered poor Bob Cratchit's house; the dwelling he
had visited before; and found the mother and the children seated round the
Quiet. Very quiet. The noisy little Cratchits were as still as statues in
one corner, and sat looking up at Peter, who had a book before him. The
mother and her daughters were engaged in sewing. But surely they were very
'And he took a child, and set him in the midst of them.'
Where had Scrooge heard those words? He had not dreamed them. The boy must
have read them out, as he and the Spirit crossed the threshold. Why did he
not go on?
The mother laid her work upon the table, and put her hand up to her face.
'The colour hurts my eyes,' she said.
The colour? Ah, poor Tiny Tim.
'They're better now again,' said Cratchit's wife. 'It makes them weak by
candle-light; and I wouldn't show weak eyes to your father when he comes
home, for the world. It must be near his time.'
'Past it rather,' Peter answered, shutting up his book. 'But I think he's
walked a little slower than he used, these few last evenings, mother.'
They were very quiet again. At last she said, and in a steady, cheerful
voice, that only faltered once:
'I have known him walk with - I have known him walk with Tiny Tim upon his
shoulder, very fast indeed.'
'And so have I,' cried Peter. 'Often.'
'And so have I,' exclaimed another. So had all.
'But he was very light to carry,' she resumed, intent upon her work, 'and
his father loved him so, that it was no trouble - no trouble. And there is
your father at the door!'
She hurried out to meet him; and little Bob in his comforter
- he had need
of it, poor fellow - came in. His tea was ready for him on the hob, and
they all tried who should help him to it most. Then the two young Cratchits
got upon his knees and laid, each child a little cheek, against his face, as
if they said, 'Don't mind it, father. Don't be grieved.'
Bob was very cheerful with them, and spoke pleasantly to all the family. He
looked at the work upon the table, and praised the industry and speed of Mrs
Cratchit and the girls. They would be done long before Sunday, he said.
'Sunday. You went to-day, then, Robert?' said his wife.
'Yes, my dear,' returned Bob. 'I wish you could have gone. It would have
done you good to see how green a place it is. But you'll see it often. I
promised him that I would walk there on a Sunday. My little, little child!'
cried Bob. 'My little child!'
He broke down all at once. He couldn't help it. If he could have helped it,
he and his child would have been farther apart perhaps than they were.
He left the room, and went up-stairs into the room above, which was lighted
cheerfully, and hung with Christmas. There was a chair set close beside the
child, and there were signs of some one having been there, lately. Poor Bob
sat down in it, and when he had thought a little and composed himself, he
kissed the little face. He was reconciled to what had happened, and went
down again quite happy.
They drew about the fire, and talked; the girls and mother working still.
Bob told them of the extraordinary kindness of Mr Scrooge's nephew, whom he
had scarcely seen but once, and who, meeting him in the street that day, and
seeing that he looked a little - 'just a little down you know,' said Bob,
inquired what had happened to distress him. 'On which,' said Bob, 'for he is
the pleasantest-spoken gentleman you ever heard, I told him. 'I am heartily
sorry for it, Mr Cratchit,' he said, 'and heartily sorry for your good
wife.' By the bye, how he ever knew that, I don't know.'
'Knew what, my dear?'
'Why, that you were a good wife,' replied Bob.
'Everybody knows that,' said Peter.
'Very well observed, my boy!' cried Bob. 'I hope they do. 'Heartily sorry,'
he said, 'for your good wife. If I can be of service to you in any way,' he
said, giving me his card, 'that's where I live. Pray come to me.' Now, it
wasn't,' cried Bob,' for the sake of anything he might be able to do for us,
so much as for his kind way, that this was quite delightful. It really
seemed as if he had known our Tiny Tim, and felt with us.'
'I'm sure he's a good soul,' said Mrs Cratchit.
'You would be surer of it, my dear,' returned Bob, 'if you saw and spoke to
him. I shouldn't be at all surprised mark what I say, if he got Peter a
'Only hear that, Peter,' said Mrs Cratchit.
'And then,' cried one of the girls, 'Peter will be keeping company with some
one, and setting up for himself.'
'Get along with you!' retorted Peter, grinning.
'It's just as likely as not,' said Bob, 'one of these days; though there's
plenty of time for that, my dear. But however and when ever we part from one
another, I am sure we shall none of us forget poor Tiny Tim - shall we -
or this first parting that there was among us.'
'Never, father!' cried they all.
'And I know,' said Bob, 'I know, my dears, that when we recollect how
patient and how mild he was; although he was a little, little child; we
shall not quarrel easily among ourselves, and forget poor Tiny Tim in doing
'No, never, father!' they all cried again.
'I am very happy,' said little Bob, 'I am very happy!'
Mrs Cratchit kissed him, his daughters kissed him, the two young Cratchits
kissed him, and Peter and himself shook hands. Spirit of Tiny Tim, thy
childish essence was from God.
'Spectre,' said Scrooge, 'something informs me that our parting moment is at
hand. I know it, but I know not how. Tell me what man that was whom we saw
The Ghost of Christmas Yet To Come conveyed him, as before
- though at a
different time, he thought: indeed, there seemed no order in these latter
visions, save that they were in the Future - into the resorts of business
men, but showed him not himself. Indeed, the Spirit did not stay for
anything, but went straight on, as to the end just now desired, until
besought by Scrooge to tarry for a moment.
'This courts,' said Scrooge, 'through which we hurry now, is where my place
of occupation is, and has been for a length of time. I see the house. Let me
behold what I shall be, in days to come.'
The Spirit stopped; the hand was pointed elsewhere.
'The house is yonder,' Scrooge exclaimed. 'Why do you point away?'
The inexorable finger underwent no change.
Scrooge hastened to the window of his office, and looked in. It was an
office still, but not his. The furniture was not the same, and the figure in
the chair was not himself. The Phantom pointed as before.
He joined it once again, and wondering why and whither he had gone,
accompanied it until they reached an iron gate. He paused to look round
A churchyard. Here, then, the wretched man whose name he had now to learn,
lay underneath the ground. It was a worthy place. Walled in by houses;
overrun by grass and weeds, the growth of vegetation's death, not life;
choked up with too much burying; fat with repleted appetite. A worthy place!
The Spirit stood among the graves, and pointed down to One. He advanced
towards it trembling. The Phantom was exactly as it had been, but he dreaded
that he saw new meaning in its solemn shape.
'Before I draw nearer to that stone to which you point,' said Scrooge,
'answer me one question. Are these the shadows of the things that Will be,
or are they shadows of things that May be, only?'
Still the Ghost pointed downward to the grave by which it stood.
'Men's courses will foreshadow certain ends, to which, if persevered in,
they must lead,' said Scrooge. 'But if the courses be departed from, the
ends will change. Say it is thus with what you show me.'
The Spirit was immovable as ever.
Scrooge crept towards it, trembling as he went; and following the finger,
read upon the stone of the neglected grave his own name, EBENEZER SCROOGE.
'Am I that man who lay upon the bed?' he cried, upon his knees.
The finger pointed from the grave to him, and back again.
'No, Spirit! Oh no, no!'
The finger still was there.
'Spirit!' he cried, tight clutching at its robe, 'hear me. I am not the man
I was. I will not be the man I must have been but for this intercourse. Why
show me this, if I am past all hope?'
For the first time the hand appeared to shake.
'Good Spirit,' he pursued, as down upon the ground he fell before it: 'Your
nature intercedes for me, and pities me. Assure me that I yet may change
these shadows you have shown me, by an altered life.'
The kind hand trembled.
'I will honour Christmas in my heart, and try to keep it all the year. I
will live in the Past, the Present, and the Future. The Spirits of all Three
shall strive within me. I will not shut out the lessons that they teach. Oh,
tell me I may sponge away the writing on this stone!'
In his agony, he caught the spectral hand. It sought to free itself, but he
was strong in his entreaty, and detained it. The Spirit, stronger yet,
Holding up his hands in a last prayer to have his fate aye reversed, he saw
an alteration in the Phantom's hood and dress. It shrunk, collapsed, and
dwindled down into a bedpost.
A CHRISTMAS CAROL by Charles Dickens
The End of It
Yes! and the bedpost was his own. The bed was his own, the room was his own.
Best and happiest of all, the Time before him was his own, to make amends
'I will live in the Past, the Present, and the Future!' Scrooge repeated, as
he scrambled out of bed. 'The Spirits of all Three shall strive within me.
Oh Jacob Marley! Heaven, and the Christmas Time be praised for this. I say
it on my knees, old Jacob, on my knees!'
He was so fluttered and so glowing with his good intentions, that his broken
voice would scarcely answer to his call. He had been sobbing violently in
his conflict with the Spirit, and his face was wet with tears.
'They are not torn down!' cried Scrooge, folding one of his bed-curtains in
his arms, 'they are not torn down, rings and all. They are here - I am here
- the shadows of the things that would have been, may be dispelled. They
will be! I know they will.'
His hands were busy with his garments all this time; turning them inside
out, putting them on upside down, tearing them, mislaying them, making them
parties to every kind of extravagance.
'I don't know what to do!' cried Scrooge, laughing and crying in the same
breath; and making a perfect Laocoon of himself with his stockings. 'I am as
light as a feather, I am as happy as an angel, I am as merry as a schoolboy.
I am as giddy as a drunken man. A merry Christmas to everybody! A happy New
Year to all the world! Hallo here! Whoop! Hallo!'
He had frisked into the sitting-room, and was now standing there: perfectly
'There's the saucepan that the gruel was in!' cried Scrooge, starting off
again, and frisking round the fireplace. 'There's the door, by which the
Ghost of Jacob Marley entered. There's the corner where the Ghost of
Christmas Present, sat. There's the window where I saw the wandering
Spirits. It's all right, it's all true, it all happened. Ha ha ha!'
Really, for a man who had been out of practice for so many years, it was a
splendid laugh, a most illustrious laugh. The father of a long, long line of
'I don't know what day of the month it is,' said Scrooge. 'I don't know how
long I've been among the Spirits. I don't know anything. I'm quite a baby.
Never mind. I don't care. I'd rather be a baby. Hallo! Whoop! Hallo here!'
He was checked in his transports by the churches ringing out the lustiest
peals he had ever heard. Clash, clang, hammer; ding, dong, bell! Bell, dong,
ding; hammer, clang, clash! Oh, glorious, glorious!
Running to the window, he opened it, and put out his head. No fog, no mist;
clear, bright, jovial, stirring, cold; cold, piping for the blood to dance
to; Golden sunlight; Heavenly sky; sweet fresh air; merry bells. Oh,
'What's to-day?' cried Scrooge, calling downward to a boy in Sunday clothes,
who perhaps had loitered in to look about him.
'Eh?' returned the boy, with all his might of wonder.
'What's to-day, my fine fellow?' said Scrooge.
'To-day?' replied the boy. 'Why, Christmas Day.'
'It's Christmas Day!' said Scrooge to himself. 'I haven't missed it. The
Spirits have done it all in one night. They can do anything they like. Of
course they can. Of course they can. Hallo, my fine fellow!'
'Hallo!' returned the boy.
'Do you know the Poulterer's, in the next street but one, at the corner?'
'I should hope I did,' replied the lad.
'An intelligent boy!' said Scrooge. 'A remarkable boy! Do you know whether
they've sold the prize Turkey that was hanging up there - Not the little
prize Turkey: the big one?'
'What, the one as big as me?' returned the boy.
'What a delightful boy!' said Scrooge. 'It's a pleasure to talk to him. Yes,
'It's hanging there now,' replied the boy.
'Is it?' said Scrooge. 'Go and buy it.'
'Walker!' exclaimed the boy.
'No, no,' said Scrooge, 'I am in earnest. Go and buy it, and tell them to
bring it here, that I may give them the direction where to take it. Come
back with the man, and I'll give you a shilling. Come back with him in less
than five minutes and I'll give you half-a-crown.'
The boy was off like a shot. He must have had a steady hand at a trigger who
could have got a shot off half so fast.
'I'll send it to Bon Cratchit's!' whispered Scrooge, rubbing his hands, and
splitting with a laugh. 'He shan't know who sends it. It's twice the size of
Tiny Tim. Joe Miller never made such a joke as sending it to Bob's will be!'
The hand in which he wrote the address was not a steady one, but write it he
did, somehow, and went down-stairs to open the street door, ready for the
coming of the Poulterer's man. As he stood there, waiting his arrival, the
knocker caught his eye.
'I shall love it, as long as I live!' cried Scrooge, patting it with his
hand. 'I scarcely ever looked at it before. What an honest expression it has
in its face. It's a wonderful knocker. - Here's the Turkey. Hallo! Whoop!
How are you? Merry Christmas!'
It was a Turkey! He never could have stood upon his legs, that bird. He
would have snapped them short off in a minute, like sticks of sealing-wax.
'Why, it's impossible to carry that to Camden Town,' said Scrooge. 'You must
have a cab.'
The chuckle with which he said this, and the chuckle with which he paid for
the Turkey, and the chuckle with which he paid for the cab, and the chuckle
with which he recompensed the boy, were only to be exceeded by the chuckle
with which he sat down breathless in his chair again, and chuckled till he
Shaving was not an easy task, for his hand continued to shake very much; and
shaving requires attention, even when you don't dance while you are at it.
But if he had cut the end of his nose off, he would have put a piece of
sticking-plaster over it, and been quite satisfied.
He dressed himself all in his best, and at last got out into the streets.
The people were by this time pouring forth, as he had seen them with the
Ghost of Christmas Present; and walking with his hands behind him, Scrooge
regarded every one with a delighted smile. He looked so irresistibly
pleasant, in a word, that three or four good-humoured fellows said, 'Good
morning, sir. A merry Christmas to you.' And Scrooge said often afterwards,
that of all the blithe sounds he had ever heard, those were the blithest in
He had not gone far, when coming on towards him he beheld the portly
gentleman, who had walked into his counting-house the day before, and said,
'Scrooge and Marley's, I believe.' It sent a pang across his heart to think
how this old gentleman would look upon him when they met; but he knew what
path lay straight before him, and he took it.
'My dear sir,' said Scrooge, quickening his pace, and taking the old
gentleman by both his hands. 'How do you do. I hope you succeeded yesterday.
It was very kind of you. A merry Christmas to you, sir!'
'Yes,' said Scrooge. 'That is my name, and I fear it may not be pleasant to
you. Allow me to ask your pardon. And will you have the goodness' - here
Scrooge whispered in his ear.
'Lord bless me!' cried the gentleman, as if his breath were taken away. 'My
dear Mr Scrooge, are you serious?'
'If you please,' said Scrooge. 'Not a farthing less. A great many
back-payments are included in it, I assure you. Will you do me that favour?'
'My dear sir,' said the other, shaking hands with him. 'I don't know what to
say to such munificence.'
'Don't say anything please,' retorted Scrooge. 'Come and see me. Will you
come and see me?'
'I will!' cried the old gentleman. And it was clear he meant to do it.
'Thank you,' said Scrooge. 'I am much obliged to you. I thank you fifty
times. Bless you!'
He went to church, and walked about the streets, and watched the people
hurrying to and fro, and patted children on the head, and questioned
beggars, and looked down into the kitchens of houses, and up to the windows,
and found that everything could yield him pleasure. He had never dreamed
that any walk - that anything - could give him so much happiness. In the
afternoon he turned his steps towards his nephew's house.
He passed the door a dozen times, before he had the courage to go up and
knock. But he made a dash, and did it:
'Is your master at home, my dear?' said Scrooge to the girl. Nice girl.
'Where is he, my love?' said Scrooge.
'He's in the dining-room, sir, along with mistress. I'll show you up-stairs,
if you please.'
'Thank you. He knows me,' said Scrooge, with his hand already on the
dining-room lock. 'I'll go in here, my dear.'
He turned it gently, and sidled his face in, round the door. They were
looking at the table (which was spread out in great array); for these young
housekeepers are always nervous on such points, and like to see that
everything is right.
'Fred!' said Scrooge.
Dear heart alive, how his niece by marriage started. Scrooge had forgotten,
for the moment, about her sitting in the corner with the footstool, or he
wouldn't have done it, on any account.
'Why bless my soul!' cried Fred,' who's that?'
'It's I. Your uncle Scrooge. I have come to dinner. Will you let me in,
Let him in! It is a mercy he didn't shake his arm off. He was
at home in five minutes. Nothing could be heartier. His niece looked just
the same. So did Topper when he came. So did the plump sister when she came.
So did every one when they came. Wonderful party, wonderful games, wonderful
unanimity, wonderful happiness!
But he was early at the office next morning. Oh he was early there. If he
could only be there first, and catch Bob Cratchit coming late! That was the
thing he had set his heart upon.
And he did it; yes, he did. The clock struck nine. No Bob. A quarter past.
No Bob. He was full eighteen minutes and a half behind his time. Scrooge sat
with his door wide open, that he might see him come into the Tank.
His hat was off, before he opened the door; his comforter too. He was on his
stool in a jiffy; driving away with his pen, as if he were trying to
overtake nine o'clock.
'Hallo,' growled Scrooge, in his accustomed voice, as near as he could feign
it. 'What do you mean by coming here at this time of day?'
'I'm very sorry, sir,' said Bob. 'I am behind my time.'
'You are?' repeated Scrooge. 'Yes. I think you are. Step this way, if you
'It's only once a year, sir,' pleaded Bob, appearing from the Tank. 'It
shall not be repeated. I was making rather merry yesterday, sir.'
'Now, I'll tell you what, my friend,' said Scrooge, 'I am not going to stand
this sort of thing any longer. And therefore,' he continued, leaping from
his stool, and giving Bob such a dig in the waistcoat that he staggered back
into the Tank again; 'and therefore I am about to raise your salary.'
Bob trembled, and got a little nearer to the ruler. He had a momentary idea
of knocking Scrooge down with it, holding him, and calling to the people in
the court for help and a strait-waistcoat.
'A merry Christmas, Bob,' said Scrooge, with an earnestness that could not
be mistaken, as he clapped him on the back. 'A merrier Christmas, Bob, my
good fellow, than I have given you for many a year. I'll raise your salary,
and endeavour to assist your struggling family, and we will discuss your
affairs this very afternoon, over a Christmas bowl of smoking bishop, Bob.
Make up the fires, and buy another coal-scuttle before you dot another i,
Scrooge was better than his word. He did it all, and infinitely more; and to
Tiny Tim, who did not die, he was a second father. He became as good a
friend, as good a master, and as good a man, as the good old city knew, or
any other good old city, town, or borough, in the good old world. Some
people laughed to see the alteration in him, but he let them laugh, and
little heeded them; for he was wise enough to know that nothing ever
happened on this globe, for good, at which some people did not have their
fill of laughter in the outset; and knowing that such as these would be
blind anyway, he thought it quite as well that they should wrinkle up their
eyes in grins, as have the malady in less attractive forms. His own heart
laughed: and that was quite enough for him.
He had no further intercourse with Spirits, but lived upon the Total
Abstinence Principle, ever afterwards; and it was always said of him, that
he knew how to keep Christmas well, if any man alive possessed the
knowledge. May that be truly said of us, and all of us!
And so, as Tiny Tim
observed, God Bless Us, Every One!
of: A CHRISTMAS CAROL by Charles Dickens
See Topics Below for More Ideas onChristmas Traditions, Customs, and Recipes
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