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Fashion Drawing Tutorial Tips

Fashion Drawing
 Tutorial Tips

By Pauline Weston Thomas for Fashion-Era.com

Fashion Drawing Tutorial Tips

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The Basics of Fashion Sketching

This section is for those nervous of fashion drawing. The hints and tips appear as more detailed information in my ebook, the first Fashion Drawing Figure Templates ebook on the web.

You may have to do some fashion drawing as part of a course or you may simply want to sketch out an idea you have for a special evening dress, ball dress, wedding dress or bridesmaid's dresses. With a little technique most people who insist they cannot draw can achieve a satisfactory fashion drawing. To aid results use some of the following items - you will find the list helpful if you do not have a clue where to start. 

Layout Paper

Layout paper is a fine semi opaque paper that allows you to faintly see an image beneath it. This enables you to use a fashion or body template under the top sheet. It has a good quality for a semi opaque paper and is suitable for remounting onto firmer background papers and cards for presentation purposes. 

Fashion Silhouette Templates

The easiest way to draw fashion when you have limited skill is to use a template. Here are templates of a model pose in 3 sizes suitable for historical costume work or simple fashion designs. In the next 2 pages there are 2 modern stance fashion pose silhouette templates in strident pose and 2 elegant poses for free download.

If these are not suitable why not purchase my new ebook on Fashion Drawing Figure Templates ebook in a range of over 40 different poses with  5 sizes to each pose.  There are many different poses in my ebook, including elegant, confident, sexy and strident poses as well as back and side view poses and a runner.

Posture, Poses and Template Silhouettes

You should take care to note that anyone in period costume would stand more gracefully, sedately and modestly than a woman after 1960 might pose.  So make any costume history drawings you do on very elegantly posed templates.  Think about how the person you are trying to represent would look posture wise. If you can get the hair right you will also capture the spirit of an era.

The second factor for success is to keep to a theme when sketching a sheet of ideas.  For example concentrate on interesting waist variations or necklines.  The theme will give flow to your designs.

A chapter in my Fashion Drawing Figure Templates ebook is devoted to examples of fashion illustration storyboards and illustrates this flow concept.

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Free Fashion and Body Silhouette Outlines

Here are some FREE basic body outline silhouette templates for you to download. They are very suitable for use sketching historical costumes before 1960, but could be used for a simple unfussy sketch outline to take to a dressmaker for example.

Basic Figure Templates

Download the images by clicking on the thumbnails to enlarge them and either save them to your chosen file such as My Pictures or print off immediately.

 Copyright Fashion-era.com © 2002-2009

The files show silhouettes in various sizes giving you a small range of templates for most situations.

You can obtain more of these images in more sizes from my ebook Fashion Drawing Figure Templates by Pauline Weston Thomas.

BELOW - Front and  back views of VERY basic model - Ideal for costume use as she stands daintily.

Picture of large front body template fashion silhouettes. Picture of large back body template fashion silhouettes.

Click now on the thumbnails to enlarge and then print.

For alternative models Go to Modern Strident Fashion Templates  OR Go to Elegant Fashion Template Silhouettes

You may reproduce the images shown on this page for personal, school or college use for fashion drawing and collage work. They should not be reproduced for profit or sale purposes as part of a CD, DVD, ebook, book, or similar item. Nor should they be used for reproduction on T-shirts, accessories or other clothing.

Copyright Fashion-era.com © 2002-2011.

 

Beginner's Instructions to Open an Image File in Microsoft Word

First download and save your image file. Open Microsoft Word and click on File (menu), New, Blank, O.K. 

In your new document in Word go to Insert (Menu), Picture --> from File - Browse to wherever you saved the file -->possibly you saved it in My Documents --> My Pictures.

Click on your selected file and it will open on the Word blank document. Print preview will show it fitting on A4 paper.

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Suitable Paper Glues and Adhesives for Paper and Card

Use spray glues or light glue sticks for paper to affix the layout paper to a heavier white paper. Then when the layers are quite dry trim it to size and mount it onto fresh card or mounting board. Try to avoid PVA type glues which are inclined to wet the paper.

Cow Gum used sparingly will work, but can be messy. In a very well ventilated room I use petroleum based Cow Gum for sticking card to card.

Suitable Adhesives for Fabric

For sticking fabric and braids I have found general PVA glue, Copydex and Evostick wood glue all very good. Don't apply too much of any of the glues and do allow time for the glue to get tacky and thicker before applying the fabric, so that the fabric does not absorb glue through to the top surface.

Cartridge Paper

In addition to layout paper, cartridge paper is ideal for fashion drawing and is thick enough for light painting with gouache or watercolours. If you use a heavy bold black felt pen template beneath the cartridge paper you can see just enough of the template outline to get the line of the silhouette and the correct body proportions.

Putty Rubber

A putty rubber can be bought from an art supplies shop. It's very useful because unlike an ordinary eraser it does not rub away the background paper.

Pencils

Pencils for fashion drawing should be soft B pencils. You will need a B or 2B for general sketching and a 4B for highlight and emphasis. Keep the 2B quite sharp and use the 4B to make the emphasis mark you like best. 

When you make the light trace of the template beneath your layout paper, be sure to ensure the trace is just that - light.

Coloured Pencils

I like Caran d'Ache coloured water soluble pencils. These high quality Swiss made water soluble colour pencils come in 2 types - the Caran d'Ache Prismalo 3mm lead range and the Caran d'Ache Supracolor 3.7mm artist's range. These colours are great when you blend them in strokes or follow curvature and then use a damp paintbrush to create water colour paint effects and highlights with minimum effort.

Go easy and don't over wet or over draw. Be patient as you can slowly build more colour layers once its dry.

Felt Pens

Felt pens by Pantone can be used to great effect. The flesh tones can be used for skin areas like arms and legs and faces. They give good non blotching colour on layout paper. Some people like to colour the sketches they make using felt pens always. That's fine if that's your style, but do use quality felts as some cheaper versions run and blotch over outlines. 

Fine Drawing Pens

Today a huge range of wonderful fine pens exist at about a fifth of the price of lesser models of twenty years ago. They can be used over a coloured sketch to sharpen it up instead of using a B pencil. They are very useful if you're trying to show intricate detail such as embroidery on a design.

Mounting Board for Presentation Work

Work may need to be presented for all sorts of reasons. It might be that you have a college interview or a job to apply for or you may just want to make your work look better for display purposes. So you'll have to learn to mount your work.

You can buy mounting board from good art shops for presentation work. Related or toning colours can be best. For final background boards try fairly neutral, but expensive dusty looking colours such as cream, taupe, olive, sand, grey blue, wine and black. A set of story boards all in one colour can look very attractive and thought out from a presentation point of view. Avoid crude background colours for boards. Aim to make your work have an look expensive look.

You can of course instead use CAD software such as Colour Matters.

A Sharp Knife

You will need a sharp Stanley type knife or surgical craft knife and replacement blades to trim card and paper. Don't try to use anything but a knife of this type to trim a hole out of the centre of a piece of mounting board. Never use a scissors as it will produce a very amateur result.

Metal Ruler

A metal safety ruler will give you better cutting edges than a wooden ruler that eventually develops little irregularities.

Cutting Board

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To cut and trim your work, you can use an old wooden art board, a piece of hardboard or a special self healing plastic mat especially designed for the purpose and available from art shops.

Masking Tape

If you have a sample of fabric you may need to cut out a window in your mounting board and then place the sample behind. Masking tape can be useful for repositioning the sample. 

Variety Fabrics

If you need to make a wide range of fabric samples inexpensively use some cake colouring food dyes in cups of hot water and dip in pieces of white or cream fabrics and yarns, lace, braids and ribbons to develop colour scraps to enhance those you may already have. This works really well on pure silk or other natural fabrics or yarns. 

Be prepared to knit small squares of fabric from interesting yarns, torn fabric strips, or even weave your own small ribbon fabric sample. Make samples of pin tucked, twin needled, quilted or embroidered pieces that give you a sample fabric as a design source for your fashion drawings.  

A chapter in my ebook Fashion Drawing Figure Templates is devoted to workboards of textured fashion fabric samples.  It clearly shows ways of approaching this.

Book References

Books that may help you include my own ebook Fashion Drawing Figure Templates by Pauline Weston Thomas, and other books that you can buy via the libraries - "Fashion Drawing - The Basic Principles" by Anne Allen and Julian Seaman.  Also look at "Foundation In Fashion Design Illustration", "Fashion Illustration" or Professional Fashion Design" by Julian Seaman.  My favourites include  "Fashion Design Illustration: Women" by Patrick John Ireland.

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I have been on several of Patrick's courses. I highly recommend his books. He moves with the times and captures the current body silhouette. I found the tuition I gained on Patrick's courses enlightening and it has enabled me to produce templates that work for the school or student beginner situation.

Click here for my ebook Fashion Drawing Figure Templates by Pauline Weston Thomas.

What is an ebook? Click to find out more.

My ebook, the first fashion template ebook on the web, has over 40 original body silhouette outline templates, as well as a chapter on mounted fashion storyboards, a chapter on workboards showing manipulated fabric samples and a chapter on typical fashion design briefs.  Click here to go to sales info.

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Fashion-Era.com looks at women's costume and fashion history and analyses the mood of an era.  Changes in technology, leisure, work, cultural and moral values. Homelife and politics also contribute to lifestyle trends, which in turn influence the clothes we wear.  These are the changes that make any era of society special in relation to the study of the costume of a period.Fashion History

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